Saturday, September 11, 2010
Kalianda, South Lampung (ANTARA News) - Hundreds of poultry owned by some residents in South Lampung regency, Lampung Province, died suddenly due to suspected bird flu virus attacks.
According to villagers Kertosari, District Tanjungsari, Tarmin, Saturday, the bird flu virus attacks occurred since the last few days.
The number of poultry that died suddenly reach hundreds of property several residents in the village, he said.
He said the hundreds of avian species infected chicken is starting in just a matter of days.
He explained that the characteristics of these dead birds infected with avian bird flu that is colored bluish comb, issued a clear liquid until thick of the oral cavity and bleeding feet flat on the avian form of red spots.
"Most sick birds would die overnight, without any exception," he said.
The residents themselves, he said, not knowing whether the attack was an attack of bird flu or not, because until now there has been no local Animal Husbandry Department who examined or do a quick test or a "rapid test" to the birds that belong to citizens.
Similar has been said by people in the same location of the attack, Handoyo.
He said the attack had already occurred penyakt poultry in recent days with poultry deaths in the tens of tails in one night.
She said the number of chicken carcasses are dumped in the river without mengatahui and considering the danger of transmission to humans.
Until today, he said, the local Animal Husbandry Department has not come down to do a quick test or a "rapid test" because it coincided with the Idul Fitri.
"We hope the Animal Husbandry Department menindakanjutinya immediately before transmitted to humans," he said.
Meanwhile, Chief of Animal Husbandry Department and Head of Animal Health of South Lampung district could not be contacted despite active cell phone in a condition to be confirmed avian attack this problem.
TEHRAN, Sept. 11 (MAN) -- The Majlis Agricultural Committee says that two people have died in Iran as a result of sporadic cases of Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever (CCHF).
The importation of livestock to Iran to supplement the domestic production of meat has been the cause of the spread of the disease, MP Kazem Farahmand, the deputy chairman of the parliamentary committee, told the Mehr News Agency on Saturday.
CCHF is a viral disease and it has reached Yazd, Fars, and Sistan-Baluchestan provinces so far, he said.
The importation of livestock to the country is unavoidable, and thus it is imperative that the Veterinary Organization of Iran conduct a quarantine period on imported livestock on the borders in order to prevent the spread of various diseases, he stated.
However, Farahmand said that the pervasiveness of livestock smuggling into the country has made the control and quarantine process more difficult.
He said that a total of six people have been infected by the disease so far, and two of them have died.
This disease is transmitted through blood, and people who are in direct contact with infected meat are most susceptible to the virus, Farahmand added.
But the virus is killed if the infected meat is frozen or cooked, he noted.
CCHF is a widespread tick-borne viral disease that affects domestic and wild animals and may also be transmitted to humans.
10 September 2010 -- On August 10 the WHO Director-General Dr Margaret Chan announced that the H1N1 influenza event has moved into the post-pandemic period. The influenza situation update will no longer be posted on the Disease Outbreak News website. The global influenza programme will continue to monitor the influenza activity worldwide on a weekly basis and every two weeks a WHO influenza update will be published on the link below.
10 September 2010 - Influenza activity is currently most intense in the temperate areas of the Southern Hemisphere and southern Asia.
India is still experiencing a country-wide outbreak of H1N1 (2009) with active transmission and a substantial number of fatal cases in several states across the country.
Chile reported on a sharp increase in respiratory disease activity in the last two weeks. All age groups are affected but the age groups below 65 years appear to be more affected that the older population. The level of activity in Chile in September is very unusual for this time of the year, as the country usually experiences a peak of respiratory disease in June and July. H1N1 (2009) virus has been the most commonly detected influenza virus so far this season but in the recent weeks there has been a shift towards influenza virus type B and influenza A (H3N2), with a decreasing proportion of H1N1 (2009) viruses. Respiratory Syncitial Virus transmission has also been widespread and intense, primarily affecting young children.
Australia has reported increasing influenza activity throughout August and September, though recently, the numbers of patients seen in emergency departments for influenza-like illness seem to have levelled off in parts of the country. Overall, influenza activity is well below the activity observed in the winter of 2009. The most commonly identified influenza virus in Australia is H1N1 (2009), though influenza type B is also being detected.
In New Zealand, influenza activity has decreased in the last week of August, although activity is still well above baseline levels and with significant regional differences. The majority of influenza detections have been characterized as H1N1 (2009). Levels of influenza transmission in 2010 are below 2009 levels nationally but have exceeded 2009 in some localized areas of the country.
In Africa, the Central African Republic reported on their first ever detection of H1N1 (2009). South Africa observed a decrease in detection rate of influenza viruses in outpatients seen for respiratory disease for the second week in a row. Influenza type B has been the most commonly detected influenza virus throughout this winter season in South Africa though in recent weeks the proportion of H1N1 (2009) viruses has increased and a small, decreasing number of influenza A (H3N2) continues to be detected. 0 September 2010
BEIJING (AFP) – Health authorities in China are scrambling to allay public fears about a tick-borne disease that has killed more than 30 people since 2007, but admitted they do not know how many have been infected.
The illness known as human granulocytic anaplasmosis (HGA) has spread to 12 provinces including Henan in central China and Shandong in the east, where the deaths have been reported, the China Daily reported Saturday.
HGA is treatable if detected early. Symptoms include fever, headache and muscle aches, but the infection can reduce a patient's white blood cell and platelet count, leading to organ failure and death.
So far we have no details on the general epidemic situation across the country,"..
A total of 182 cases have been identified in Shandong since May 2008..
It is still difficult to pinpoint the pathogen of the disease since it may be caused by a new virus," Wang Shiwen, an expert at the Chinese Centre for Disease Control and Prevention, was quoted as saying by Xinhua news agency.
Phu Yen province has just written request DARD, districts, towns and cities enhance direct and implement coordinated measures against blue ear pig disease, not subjective, d. wary of complicated diseases.
Accordingly, DARD Veterinary direct agencies strengthen animal quarantine, and coordinate with related agencies to ensure your purchase pork products in the market, management, control closely at slaughter. The district, town and city to direct the communes in implementing monitoring the situation of blue ear pig disease each famer. Organization focus preventive vaccination blood infections, cholera, typhoid deal; spray pesticides, disinfect barns, cattle at slaughter, where trade in pork products. Provincial Police directing traffic police maintain forces on duty at stations, checkpoints animals temporarily.
* Lao Cai publication all blue ear epidemic
* Dac Lac appear Foot and Mouth Disease
ND-On 11-9, Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development has submitted written 2947/BNN-TY Chairman of the provinces and cities directly under the Central Government on "Enhancing prevention and ear nationwide green. "
Accordingly, the Chairman suggested the provinces and direct the implementation of some urgent follows: The province has announced service to service. Assignment of members of the Steering Committee, responsible for epidemic control in each locality, to actively monitor individual farmers to detect epidemics early to avoid the outbreak only know when people have reported. Guidance and publicity support definitely regime (719/QD-TTg Decision of the Prime Minister and Circular of the Ministry of Finance or 80/2008/TT-BTC support policies of each province) to the livestock. According to the Department of Animal Health, the country is still 29 provinces and cities have blue ear epidemic is not over 21 days.
In Binh Phuoc, the day 10-9, PRRS continues to arise more in 54 762 households in the pig herd infected children 1510, in which 219 children died and destroyed. So, from now on 28-7, PRRS had occurred in 70 communes of 10 districts: Mango Dong, Dong Phu, Chon Thanh, Hon Administration, Binh Long, Loc Ninh, Bu Dop, Bu Gia Map , and Bu Dang Phuoc Long. Total pigs infected herd is 14,344 children in 29,601 children, death and destruction of the 5209 children. In Tay Ninh, from 9-9, PRRS continues to arise more in 85 households in 42 communes in nine districts: Tan Bien, Chau Thanh, Go Dau Hoa Thanh, Tan Chau and Ben Cau, Duong Minh Chau, Trang Bang and Tay Ninh. Total number of pigs infected herd is 55,943 children in 73,192 children. In Khanh Hoa, from 23-8 to 8-9, PRRS continued to be detected in five communes of the new town of Cam Ranh, Dien Khanh district. At the same time, the Veterinary Department of Khanh Hoa province to continue the destruction of pig disease in 994 communes of 29 districts are seven services. Long An from 7 to 9-9, students continue to add blue ear pig disease in 134 households in 11 districts. Infected pigs was 1123 children, in which 406 children died and destroyed.
10-9 pm, Lao Cai province has officially announced the end of blue ear epidemic in the province. The blue ear checkpoints in the province will be lifted. However, before the blue ear epidemic risk recurrence or other diseases arising in cattle and poultry is very high, Lao Cai Province People's Committee asked departments, local authorities in the province continues to increase effective prevention of epidemics, to control sources of infection, and to promptly detect and deal with outbreaks, not to spread.
According to the Department of Animal Health, Foot and Mouth Disease (LMLM) occurred on buffalo, cow's households Ea pil commune, district and commune M'Drak Dar Ea, Ea Kar district (Dac). The total number of infected cattle is 68 children, including 55 cows and 13 buffaloes. Currently, the Animal Health Department along with the local authorities are conducting measures to prevention services as prescribed. Thus, the country has LMLM province of Dac Lac has not translated over 21 days.
|Superbugs top focus of leading microbiology meet|
|Updated on: 11 Sep 10 08:22 AM|
Serious public health risks due to a lack of new antibiotics at a time of rising antibiotic-resistant "superbugs" will be the main focus of a top microbiology conference in Boston that starts Sunday.
"We are increasingly concerned about the decline in antibiotic discovery," warned Lindsay Grayson of Austin Hospital in Melbourne, Australia, who is program chair at the Interscience Conference on Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy (ICAAC) at its 50th annual conference, running from September 12-14.
For Grayson, the key reason for the marked decline in discoveries "is a changing of focus of drugs companies away from antibiotics," he told AFP, saying the lack of new drugs means people are seeing more "infections that are untreatable with antibiotics because we don't have new drugs to treat them."
Drug resistance in bacteria, blamed on excessive and improper use of antibiotics, is not new, and health experts warn of an increasingly dangerous environment where the problem can flourish.
The World Health Organization (WHO) last month issued a fresh warning over the metallo-lactamase-1 (NDM-1) gene that enables some micro-organisms to be highly resistant to almost all antibiotics.
The Lancet medical journal said bacteria containing the NDM-1 gene had been found in 37 Britons who had received medical treatment in South Asia in recent months...
Robert Roos * News Editor
Sep 10, 2010 (CIDRAP News) – Japan today approved a new long-acting influenza antiviral drug, Inavir (laninamivir), made by Daiichi Sankyo Co. Ltd., marking the second new flu drug licensed there this year.
In announcing the approval, Daiichi said one dose of laninamvir, which is inhaled, has been shown to be as effective as 5 days of treatment with oral oseltamivir (Tamiflu), the most widely used flu drug. Laninamivir is a neuraminidase inhibitor, like oseltamivir and zanamivir (Relenza), which have been in use for about 10 years.
Laninamivir is administered with an inhaling device, like zanamivir. Daiichi said it is effective against influenza A and B viruses.
In January Japan approved another new neuraminidase inhibitor, peramivir, which is given intravenously, a route that permits its use in critically ill patients who might not be able to take oseltamivir or zanamivir. Peramivir, known in Japan as Rapiacta, is sold there by Shionogi & Co. Ltd. under an agreement with BioCryst Pharmaceuticals of Birmingham, Ala.
Neither peramivir nor laninamivir has been approved in the United States. Peramivir, however, is being tested in two US phase 3 clinical studies, and it was given to a limited number of patients during the H1N1 pandemic after the Food and Drug Administration issued an emergency use authorization (EUA) in October 2009.
Laninamivir, formerly known as CS-8958, was developed by Daiichi Sankyo but is co-owned by Biota Holdings, based in Melbourne, Australia, according to company reports. A Dow Jones news report published today said the Japanese firm has not completed its overseas development plan for the drug.
The results of a laninamivir trial in children under the age of 10 were published in Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy in April. About 180 children who had flu symptoms for 36 hours or less were randomly assigned to receive either oseltamivir or one 20-mg or 40-mg dose of laninamivir.
For patients who had influenza A/H3N2 or influenza B, there were no significant differences in recovery time between the laninamivir and oseltamivir groups, according to the report. But laninamivir shortened the recovery time by more than 2 days for patients who had oseltamivir-resistant H1N1 infections (seasonal H1N1 viruses were widely resistant to oseltamivir in the 2008-09 flu season).
In August 2009, Biota reported that laninamivir compared well with oseltamivir in a phase 3 trial in adults. The trial, conduced by Daiichi in Japan, Korea, Taiwan, and Hong Kong, showed that a single dose of the new antiviral was as effective as oseltamivir given twice a day for 5 days, the company said.
The use of antivirals, especially oseltamivir, to treat seasonal flu patients has been described as much more common in Japan than in the United States and most other countries. In recent years there have been some reports, mainly from Japan, about confusion and self-injury in adolescents being treated with neuraminidase inhibitors.
The reports led the FDA's Pediatric Advisory Committee in 2007 to recommend stronger label warnings for oseltamivir and zanamivir, though the panel said it was unclear if the two drugs played any role in the reported adverse events.
Friday, September 10, 2010
A total of 447 people in eight districts across the country have been infected with anthrax in the last three weeks, confirmed Institute of Epidemiology, Disease Control and Research (IEDCR) yesterday.
"Since the disease symptoms are prominent, we are not continuing lab tests. However, we will run tests if a new area is affected," said IEDCR virologist ASM Alamgir.
He said treatment has been made available in all the affected districts and more than half the infected people have already been cured.
This year, Sirajganj district has witnessed the most number of infected, 207, which is likely to be overtaken as the medical team at Lalmonirhat claimed to have found 320 suspected patients at Kisamot Harati village.
Our Lalmonirhat correspondent reports: nine more people have been confirmed to be contracted anthrax at Kisamot Harati yesterday. The total number of infected in the district now stands at 85.
Anthrax infected Motiar Rahman said, "Four sick cows were slaughtered in the village a few days ago and at least 400 villagers consumed the meat as it sold at a lower price, Tk 100 a kg."
Meanwhile, Veterinary Field Assistant Saidur Rahman said four anthrax-infected cows died at Char Kulaghat and Baro Basuriya in Lalmonirhat sadar yesterday.
District livestock officer Abu Hossain Sarkar said officials are vaccinating the infected and suspected-to-be-infected cows in the district. But the office is suffering acute vaccine crisis.
He said there are at least 3.5 lakh cows in the district but the government has sent only 2,700 vaccines.
Meanwhile, two cows yesterday died of anthrax at Tampat village under Rangpur sadar upazila creating panic among the cattle farmers of the area.
Our Thakurgaon correspondent adds: one suspected anthrax infected patient had been admitted to Thakurgaon Sadar hospital yesterday.
Jurisdictional mess, inspector shortage jeopardise govt's anti-anthrax fight
Thursday, September 9, 2010
Although the government directed livestock department officials to remain on highest alert to prevent spread of anthrax, the efforts seem to be dogged down by a lack of proper coordination among different relevant agencies, and an acute shortage of veterinary inspectors.
According to doctors, anthrax is caused by a spore forming bacterium called Bacillus anthracis. It commonly infects plant-eating mammals which ingest or inhale the spores while grazing. Humans can become infected with gastrointestinal anthrax by eating undercooked meat from infected animals.
Inspection of cattle prior to slaughter is an important way of preventing spread of the disease among humans. But most of the red meat available on the country's markets come from cattle slaughtered at kitchen markets without inspection.
The entire process of authorising slaughter of animals for consumption lies with either city corporations or municipalities --- not with the livestock department, said officials of the Department of Livestock Services (DLS).
"We are not authorised to inspect cattle for slaughter," said an official of the department on condition of anonymity.
"Officially every municipality or city corporation must assign a veterinary inspector and a sanitary inspector for certifying each cattle before slaughter," he added.
"We are solely responsible for treatment of animals brought to veterinary hospitals, and to create mass awareness about animal diseases including the ones that can be transmitted to humans," said Dr Saiful Islam, district livestock officer in Sirajganj. "We don't monitor slaughterhouses," he added.
And officials of city corporations and municipalities are saying they are not adequately staffed and equipped to inspect all cattle before slaughter.
Veterinary Officer of Dhaka City Corporation (DCC) Dr Azmat Ali told The Daily Star on Monday,
"We have only two veterinary inspectors for five DCC-run slaughterhouses." Moreover, the equipment there are antiquated, he added.
He said more than 700 cows, 250 buffaloes, and 5,000 goats are slaughtered everyday in the city for consumption. Thirty percent of those are slaughtered in DCC-run slaughterhouses while the remaining 70 percent are slaughtered mostly at butcher shops of kitchen markets.
Most of the cattle in DCC slaughterhouses cannot be checked, Azmat said. And what happens in other places is anyone's guess.
Secretary of Pabna Municipality Saidur Rahman said it is not possible for them to check all cattle to be slaughtered across the district, due to inadequate manpower, and a lack of cooperation from cattle traders and butchers.
Although the district administration -- after a meeting with officials of the district health department, district livestock department and the municipality on Monday -- asked all butchers not to slaughter cattle without approval from government appointed veterinarians, the authorities actually do not have enough inspectors to appoint, he said.
Moreover, the government appointed inspectors can only check for visible symptoms of diseases, no diagnostic test is possible due to lack of proper equipment and inadequate manpower, he added.
Sirajganj District Livestock Officer Dr Shafiqul Islam said they in collaboration with the district administration selected a slaughterhouse in the district headquarters where cattle are examined before slaughter. But in other places cattle are slaughtered without inspection.
Kushtia Municipality Mayor Anwar Ali said he appointed a veterinarian to inspect cattle before slaughter. But the veterinarian cannot check all such cattle in the district. He can only check the ones that are to be slaughtered at a certain place and time.
"Although we have been requesting the authorities over a long period to increase manpower, to make the slaughterhouses bigger, and to procure modern equipment, they do not pay heed to us," said Azmat of DCC.
The government however is hoping to start construction of six modern slaughterhouses in the six city corporations by the end of this year with financial assistance from the Asian Development Bank, said Shawpan Kumar Shil, a research assistant at the bank.
DCC will also get a modern slaughterhouse at Gabtoli with the capacity of slaughtering 5,000 cattle a day, he added.
A joint secretary of the Ministry of Fisheries and Livestock said on condition of anonymity, "We have drafted a new act for cattle slaughtering, to end the confusion about jurisdiction. The drafted act is waiting in the cabinet for final approval. If it is passed, the whole responsibility of certifying cattle for slaughter will be on livestock officials."
To address the current crisis, all livestock officers were directed to work in collaboration with city corporations and municipalities, the joint secretary added.
When asked how the collaboration will work, he said, "If municipality or city corporation slaughterhouse authorities request for veterinarians from the livestock department, they will send them there."
He also said so far there has been no report of anthrax transmission to humans from any slaughterhouse, humans have so far been infected mostly through direct contact with infected animals in rural areas.
Meanwhile, every day cattle are imported through 24 points of the border, and DLS has no jurisdiction to inspect those animals. But within the next six months, however, cattle and fodder inspection centres of DLS will be set up at 22 of those points, said Director General of DLS Ashraf Ali.
"Bangladesh Rifles now inspect the cattle that are imported through the border," he added.
When asked if any DLS official is assigned to help the border guards in the task, he answered, "No," adding that BDR checks the animals but cannot perform any pathological test, since no veterinarian is posted with the guards.
Around 7,000 cattle including cows, buffaloes, and goats arrive in the capital's largest cattle market at Gabtoli every day, but so far only one veterinary inspector have been assigned to inspect the animals.
Asked whether the number of inspectors at the cattle market is inadequate, the DLS DG said, "The inspector only checks the temperature of the animals, he does not perform any pathological test."
When asked whether even for that the number is inadequate, he said, "He has two assistants as well."
Dr Azmat of DCC said, "If all the cattle arriving at Gabtoli from different parts of the country and India are not checked, the chance of anthrax spreading in the city will remain high."
But the livestock and fisheries joint secretary said the chance of anthrax being transported to Dhaka with imported animals is very little, since infected cattle die within a day or two of the infection, so if an infected cattle is imported from India it will most probably die before reaching Dhaka.
Twenty-two more cases of anthrax infection were detected in Lalmonirhat, Tangail and Rangpur on Wednesday, taking to 435 the total number of such cases in seven districts after it was first detected in Siraganj on August 19.
Nine cases were detected in Lalmonirhat, 10 in Tangail and 3 in Rangpur on Wednesday.
Other districts from where the infection has been reported are Pabna, Tangail, Kushita and Meherpur.
The New Age correspondent in Lalmonirhat said nine more anthrax cases were detected at Kisamat Harati in the district
headquarters on Wednesday.
A medical team gave treatment to the anthrax-infected people in the village for the second day on Wednesday. The total number of anthrax infection cases in the district reached 85 till Wednesday afternoon.
A member on the medical team Ahsan Ali Babu, Lalmonirhat upazila health and family planning officer, said the team had enlisted the names of 320 people suspected of having been infected with anthrax at the place.
‘All the 320 men and women dressed and ate the meat of four anthrax-infected cows slaughtered in the village on August 20 and 28,’ he said.
Motiyar Rahman, infected with anthrax, said the villagers of Kisamot Harati village slaughtered four cows, which fell ill a few days ago after they had bought them for lower prices from neighbours.
‘There are at least four hundred people of a hundred families in this village and all ate the beef,’ said Majedul Islam, another villager who has been infected with anthrax.
‘Our medical team has been treating the anthrax-infected people since Tuesday. The team is still working in the area,’ the Lalmonirhat civil surgeon, Jahangir Alam, said.
The Lalmonirhat district livestock officer, Abu Hossain Sarker, said livestock officials were treating the cattle infected or suspected to have been infected with anthrax but the livestock office was facing a shortage of vaccines.
There are at least 3,58,650 cows in the district but the government has sent only 2,700 vaccines, he said.
The correspondent in Tangail said 10 cases of anthrax were detected at Dakkhin Bildanga of Gopalpur in the district on Wednesday.
The upazila livestock officer, Monoranjan Dhar, said people who came in contact with the blood and meat of an infected cow brought from Gobindasi on September 1 had been infected.
The civil surgeon, Abdul Basit, said cases had so far been detected.
The correspondent in Rangpur said three more cases of anthrax infection had been detected in the district.
The district livestock department said two of the three cows suspected to have been infected with anthrax at Hawai Kattari died on Tuesday.
Livestock officials visited the village on Wednesday and ensured treatment of the cows which fell ill.
The district livestock officer, Nasir Khan, said they were not certain whether the cows died of anthrax as they were buried a day before.
‘We have made all the preparations for anthrax infection treatment. We have a huge quantity of vaccines at our disposal,’ he said.
Number of deaths and patients infected with swine Streptococcus recent increase "dizziness." The reason for slaughter or eat sick pigs, not hygiene.
Enter Doctor Vu Minh, Faculty of active treatment, Tropical Central Hospital, said early this year there were nearly 20 concerned patients hospitalized for an emergency situation, in danger of meningitis , severe sepsis, blood pressure dropped, the money shock, coma, limb gangrene smells ...
According to statistics from the Hue Central Hospital, in August alone in 12 cases broke swine streptococcus infections admitted to hospital (both in 2009 while only less than 10 recorded cases). Especially, there were 10 deaths out of 34 cases hospitalized since early April to present.
Tropical Disease Hospital in Central, is also infected five patients being treated swine streptococcus. All patients were male and hospitalization in a critical condition.
Patients T. still comatose a week after treatment. Photo Wall Spirit.
Van T. Dinh patients, 28 (Duy Tien, Tam Duong, Vinh Phuc) hospitalization was 7 days is still in deep coma, limb swelling, necrosis. The patient who said, patients do not eat blood pudding is eating pork but by the self-slaughter. After eating, he T. abdominal pain, diarrhea, high fever, imported tropical disease hospital in central deep coma, rapid pulse, blood pressure of 0, breathing squeeze ball, hepatomegaly, skin much the bleeding, gangrene. Dialysis patients were constantly in danger but still plays.
Dinh Van K. Patients (Ly Nhan, Ha Nam) by eating infected swine streptococcus swine hearts on buying from the market. There have been over a month despite treatment with three dialysis filter results, but still breathing machine, vaguely spiritual, full body peeling by deep black necrotic spots ...
Dr. Fill, most patients are required mechanical ventilation and continuous hemodialysis with filtration results (can not be filtered as usual) by septicemia, severe shock, multiple organs failure ... Medical expenses for treatment up to a hundred million, but many patients still do not pull through. In particular, patients infected with Streptococcus meningitis may, after leaving the hospital still heavy sequelae.
Detection and early treatment
Intermediate Nguyen MSc, Faculty of active treatment, Hospital for Tropical Diseases Central Committee, said the streptococcus bacteria that normally reside year-round situation in some pigs throat without causing disease. But when the blue ear pig virus, the immune health decline that streptococcus bacteria thrive, causing pneumonia, blood infections for pigs. When the pigs slaughtered this disease, or to destroy incorrectly, or when the meat before cooking, because not many people even know swine should still eat more fresh produce such as farming, pig heart , nem paste ..., then the body will absorb a large amount of streptococcus bacteria that live pigs. Especially on the background of patients such as diabetes, liver failure, alcoholism ... then the more likely situation Streptococcus disease.
MSc level warning, danger from exposure, disease eating pork, time-onset disease is very fast. Moreover, even had pigs infected with streptococcus bacteria, patients can still get completely back later. Because the disease is the same as normal streptococcus infections, leaving no lasting immunity to the body.
Thus, the MSc level, after eating pork, if symptoms appear such as abdominal pain, nausea, go liquid, high fever ... must be taken to emergency patients. By this stage of disease risk, greatly affecting their lives without intervention.
It is worth saying, the expression of disease susceptible Streptococcus mistakenly diagnosed with other diseases such as septicemia, hemorrhagic fever, meningitis latex ....
Health experts warned people not to be feared that a boycott pork disease which affects the economic and health. Because pork is very good food. Things to do is not purchase, slaughter pig disease. Pathogenic viruses are easily destroyed at high temperatures, use of processed meat
Coma when admitted to hospital but no symptoms to physicians diagnose, so on The weaker baby in a coma. Until the implementation of intensive testing, new patients were identified with diabetes.
The family said, two days before admission, she Method (4 years) with signs of fever, cough, runny nose, wheezing, vomiting several times and then suddenly Bruce weaker.
Science City in general a Children's Hospital, she was a monitoring and treatment based on symptoms described by family. But her health condition is getting more critical.
Before patients comatose state, rapid breathing, pale, with signs of dehydration, sunken eyes dry lips, dry skin, doctors conducted tests emergency. Results showed that her blood sugar 3 times higher than normal (expression of diabetes). This is also the cause of coma.
Immediately after the conclusion illness, she was treated by passing through intravenous insulin adjustment effects blood sugar, rehydration and respiratory assistance. Results after more than a week of treatment, the baby was awake method.
Doctor Nguyen Minh Tien, vice-Emergency Department Children's Hospital, said diabetes in children eat expression through multiple, small lot, weight loss, are far less common. Instead, children have respiratory symptoms, digestive easily confused with other pathologies.
"Diabetes in children but rare complications such as coma, acidosis ceton cases can progress on serious, even fatal if not detected early and treated promptly," Mr Tien said.
The children had signs of diabetic acidosis ceton ambiguous with gastrointestinal diseases were nausea, stop eating, abdominal pain, shortness of breath, enough lu, struggle. When you see these symptoms, parents need to quickly bring the child to hospital emergency promptly.
Wednesday, September 8, 2010
The country's capital will strengthen its ongoing surveillance of antibiotic resistant bacteria by establishing a network to monitor all local major medical institutions by the end of the year.
The announcement by the Beijing Municipal Health Bureau came in response to a new superbug, which first surfaced in South Asia. It is resistant to almost all antibiotics and is spreading globally.
"The new bacterium carrying the New Delhi metallo-lactamase-1 (NDM-1) gene has not been detected on the mainland so far, but it has a high probability of surfacing here due to increased international exchange," said Lu Yuan, deputy director of the institute of clinical pharmacology at Peking University.
After initially emerging in India and Pakistan, the drug-resistant bacteria has been reported in countries like Britain, Australia, Canada, the Netherlands, the United States, Sweden, and Japan, according to the World Health Organization (WHO).
International trips were largely responsible for the new bug spreading, since most patients in these countries had traveled to India or Pakistan, experts said.
"Given its geographic proximity to the two countries, China is also at risk of the new superbug," Lu said.
The overuse of existing antibiotics and poor sanitation in most hospitals where the superbug has been reported put China at great risk of a potential outbreak, she warned.
Approximately 5 million people on the mainland annually contract a variety of infections during hospitalization, accounting for 10 percent of the country's inpatients each year, official statistics show.
The Ministry of Health has acted quickly to draw up measures to prevent the new bug from appearing and spreading in China, including increased monitoring of antibiotic use and the promotion of good hygiene practices, such as hand washing and environmental sanitation, Lu noted.
While drug-resistant bacteria, which has been blamed on the excessive and improper use of antibiotics, is not a new phenomenon, the WHO has called on health authorities across the globe to be vigilant because bacteria containing the NDM-1 gene are much more drug resistant.
The overuse and abuse of antibiotics is prevalent in China, said Zhao Minggang, deputy director of the medical administration department of the health ministry.
"That leads to extra medical expenditure of 80 billion yuan ($11.7 billion) nationwide and many patients take antibiotics as a panacea," he said.
Last month, the Ministry of Health ordered surveillance posts to be established at key hospitals in each province to keep watch over the situation.
September 7, 2010
Approved by Engineer Amin Abaza, Minister of Agriculture and Land Reclamation to launch an international tender by the Ministry so as to produce a vaccine to fight bird flu strains local isolated and selected according to the latest changes in the virus, according to the conditions and specifications, laboratory and field established by the concerned ministry and a guarantee to increase the efficiency of vaccines in disease control and eradication it.
وصرح الدكتور سعد نصار مستشار الوزير بأن ذلك جاء بناء علي توصية اللجنة الفنية لمكافحة انفلونزا الطيور بوزارة الزراعة واستصلاح الأراضي بجلستها مؤخرا برئاسة الدكتور فتحي سعد أستاذ أمراض الدواجن ومحافظ 6 أكتوبر.
Dr. Saad Nassar, Advisor to the Minister that this was based on the recommendation of the Technical Committee to combat bird flu, the Ministry of Agriculture and Land Reclamation Listing recently, headed by Dr. Fathi Saad, professor of poultry diseases and the Governor October 6.
وأضاف الدكتور نصار أن اللجنة قد أوصت أيضا بسرعة اتخاذ الاجراءات اللازمة من الجهات المعنية لإنشاء خط لانتاج اللقاح محلياً .
Dr. Al-Nassar, the Committee had also recommended quickly take the necessary action from the concerned authorities to create a line to produce vaccine locally. وكان الدكتور أحمد نظيف رئيس الوزراء قد سبق أن أشار إلي توفير 40 مليون جنيه من وزارة المالية لوزارة الزراعية واستصلاح الأراضي للبدء في انشاء خط لانتاج لقاح لمكافحة انفلونزا الطيور محليا من العترات المحلية المعزولة والمختارة وذلك ضمانا لزيادة كفاءة اللقاحات في مكافحة المرض والقضاء عليه.
Dr. Ahmed Nazif, the Prime Minister had already pointed out the provision of 40 million pounds from the Ministry of Finance to the Ministry of Agriculture and Land Reclamation to start construction of a pipeline to produce a vaccine to fight bird flu locally strains the local isolated and selected in order to ensure more efficient vaccines for disease control and eradication.
Hit by the crisis and the epidemic of avian influenza poultry industry, the Egyptian killed, after the disease is endemic in the nests, could not the Government's efforts to control him, Egypt is becoming to one of the most dangerous spots in the disease around the world, reached the price of chicks to 7 pounds a kilo of poultry to 20 pounds, after the death of a large number of mothers and the small number of the supply of broiler chicks.
A team of Egyptian researchers at the National Research Centre and the Centre for serum and vaccine, and College of Pharmacy, to draw the vaccine to increase the immune chicks against Newcastle disease and avian flu, despite the departure of research to light since 7 months and published in scientific journals and the World, not accompanied by conditions of the Egyptian crisis in the face of rising prices for Government to take a look at research as those responsible for it confirms to their fate recent intra-stairs.
Explains Dr. Ahmed Hamed J'areh - one of the members of the team - and the researcher, Department of chemistry of natural compounds at the National Center for Research - the new vaccine, saying: "find the research project to extract pollen from the plant jatropha because it contains materials Alflavonidip which helps to activate the compounds the immune chicks, applied research at 360 chicks a house fortified in Fayoum through the nursery to make sure they are free from diseases, and managed search results in raising the immune chicks against Newcastle disease more dangerous than bird flu poultry, because it leads to death of large numbers in a short time, the more ferocity in the large farms, with the increasing immunity of chicks can resist various other diseases such as avian influenza ".
He says "growing jatropha plant in the tropics, and can cope with the sandy areas, but costly economically, is growing at any type of salt water or sanitation."
Tuesday, September 7, 2010
Tuesday, September 07, 2010.
Authorities of Sukhbaatar and Dornod provinces have quarantined cattle movement and restricted the sale of meat and milk in their territories following an outbreak of foot and mouth disease.
According to the emergency commission, over 968 heads of cattle had been infected but death had not been reported yet. The number of infection is likely to grow further.
The problem was detected on August 29 in a farm in Chuluunkhoroot Soum, Dornod Province when a local veterinarian examined three cows showing symptoms of the foot and mouth disease. The central vegetarian laboratory has confirmed that the three cows are infected with the disease.
There are 15251 heads of cattle from 23 herding families in four epicenters in the two provinces, 968 heads of them are infected so far since the outbreak.
In connection with the high probability of spread, the State Emergency Commission held an emergency meeting and ordered relevant bodies and officials to take prompt actions against the spread. In particular, it is ordered to carry immediate disinfection and liquidations in epicenters and in major autoroad posts, co-work with force agencies to enforce the quarantine regime efficiently, limit some traffic in and out and appoint a field emergency staff in epicenters. Besides, the SEC has decided to immediately conduct preliminary tests and vaccination for all cattle’s in Dornogobi, Dundgobi, Umnugobi, Gobisumber and Tuv provinces as well in Ulaanbaatar City.
It is also decided to submit a draft resolution on the allocation of MNT50 million for fight against the disease in Sukhbaatar and Dornod provinces respectively and another MNT10 million for preventive measures, to Cabinet meeting.
Mérida, 7 Sep. (Notimex) .- The state secretary of Health, Vivas Alvaro Quijano, urged people to resume the preventive measures, such as avoiding shake hands or kiss in order to prevent an increase in cases of acute respiratory diseases , totaling 364.
In an interview, said that so far no reports have H1N1 pandemic influenza in the state, however it has proven the existence of 200 cases of H3N2, which while not fatal, its effect on the patient "is more painful than the dengue "classic.
Once past the danger of H1N1 influenza, the public has put aside security measures, which should apply not only against this disease, but any ailments such as colds, said.
"Unfortunately we have seen that people with flu shake hands or kiss, and often go to crowded places, where it is not right, must take the measures already know as a way of life to prevent the virus from spreading," he said.
He said that this alert is because today's patterns of presence and impact, both emerging and existing diseases, no longer correspond to seasonal periods.
Changes in climate have led to changes, for example, during periods of rain, so that diseases like dengue and is characteristic of various stages, which should motivate to take preventive measures on a daily basis.
He pointed out that this year has confirmed a total of 196 thousand cases of dengue, of which 600 are of the hemorrhagic type, a sample of the necessary public participation to prevent their proliferation.
Scientific and Cultural Organization meeting of the WHO Regional sheds light on health issues in cities
Meet health ministers from the Southeast Asian region and experts from the World Health Organization in the Thai capital Bangkok on Tuesday from 7 / Sept. / Even on Friday to discuss major health issues in the region, including health risks in cities.
Confirmed the Director-General of WHO Margaret Chan at the opening ceremony of the meeting of the 28 Ministers of Health in Southeast Asia Session 63 of the Regional Committee of the Organization of the importance of giving special attention to health issues in urban areas, which is also the same subject Iumalsahp the world this year.
Chan said, "For the first time in history, more people now live in urban areas than in rural areas. By the year 2030, will live in 6 out of 10 people in cities", adding that most of the growth is expected to occur in Asia and Africa.
, The Director General of WHO, the cities that brings people and the opportunities and services, but they are at the same time gathering dangers and damage to health, citing contamination of food and water supplies and the spread of diseases, pollution and Ancharalanamat life non-health related to obesity and chronic diseases such as diabetes, cancer and stress.
And "that made it necessary to look with interest to these consequences, and pros and cons of urbanization," according to what she said.
As I said people in her also need to be wary of pandemic influenza, particularly avian influenza A H 1 to 1, as it believes that this disease is not over.
She also praised the achievements made by Thailand in the field of public health, citing the government's strong commitment to primary health care, and implement innovative programs to move in toward universal health coverage, and leading efforts to improve access to essential medicines.
The opening ceremony was also attended by Thai Prime Minister Abhisit Vijaviva and delivered a speech.
During the next four days, will be health ministers from 10 Asian countries and health experts to review the health development in the region, identify challenges and provide policy direction for future work on health issues, as Sinaakecoa many issues such as prevention and containment of antimicrobial resistance, and inequality in maternal health and newborn, and universal health coverage, and prevention of injuries and promoting safety and health in old age and others.
While Gia Lai province has announced the blue ear pig, the Son Hoa district - the local border with Gia Lai - difficulty in controlling the transport of animals across the district, including the police force Traffic (Traffic Police) police districts often put directly at checkpoints animals.Blue ear pig disease is spreading fast, quite complex changes in the provinces of South and Central - the Central Highlands.
Phun thuốc tiêu độc khử trùng tại Chốt kiểm dịch động vật tạm thời đóng tại xã
...In six months in 2010, the district has to control the slaughter of 3,000 pigs, 250 cows and more than 580 dogs. ..In particular, held a training class blue ear pig disease prevention for students who are 30 vets communes, towns, villages and hamlets of the commune Son Nguyen Son Ha, and Silver Spring townships also paints ...
Barbara Weiland from the RVC said: "The prevalence is much higher than expected, and this highlights the importance of subclinical infection, and the fact that swine influenza virus is a significant production disease that has been underestimated in the past."
The study involved 146 farrow-to-finish farms representing around 17 per cent of the English herd. On each farm 20 animals of different age groups were tested for the H1N1, H1N2 and H3N2 influenza viruses. At least one pig tested positive on 59 per cent of the farms, with avian-like H1N1 being the most common strain found in England followed by H1N2. 18 per cent of the farms tested had both H1N1 and H1N2.
Those farms that tested positive for swine influenza virus were also more likely to be infected with other pig pathogens, and had poor respiratory scores in slaughterhouse monitoring programmes.
Research presented at the same congress revealed that farms in France may be suffering from an even higher level of prevalence2. The study carried out on 29 French farms in 2009 showed that nearly 97 per cent of the farms tested were positive for at least one swine influenza virus subtype.
Ricardo Neto, Merial’s Veterinary Advisor said: "The presentation of this research gives us the first real indication of the level of prevalence of swine influenza in England. Not only are the findings important from the point of view of improving our knowledge of the disease, but also for individual vets and producers in managing herd health.
"Swine influenza may not appear to have much effect on the herd, even if producers actually recognise its existence. However, the disease has a significant economic effect and in some cases can be quite disastrous.
"It causes fever, apathy, anorexia and respiratory signs such as dyspnoea and sneezing, which affect both welfare and productivity. In sows it can affect return to oestrus, cause abortion, increase the number of still born piglets and decrease lactation. Therefore, there is a strong economic case for considering preventative treatment.
Steve Youngs, who recently experienced an outbreak of swine influenza, reported that around ten per cent of sows on his farm aborted and there was a noticeable increase in weak and still born piglets. The farrowing rate on his farm reduced by around ten per cent from 85 per cent down to 75 per cent. There was a considerable cost to that farmer. Apart from the cost of treatment, the vet estimated that it cost him around 20 pence per kilo deadweight.
Talking to reporters, he said his organisation had already provided essential medicines, including malaria and diarrhoea kits, to the medical teams working in the flood-affected areas.
Earlier, Gezairy called on Federal Health Minister Makhdoom Shahabuddin, along with two other WHO officials, Dr Guido Sabatinelli and Dr Farah Shadoul, and discussed health issues concerning the flood affectees.
The minister welcomed the WHO regional director and thanked him for talking interest in undertaking visits to various flood-affected areas in Pakistan.
Source: The Telegraph, Calcutta [edited]
India could be staring at a possible anthrax outbreak, with Bangladesh
sounding a red alert that the contagious disease has infected over 325
people in that country since mid-August 2010.
The disease, transmitted from infected cattle to humans through handling of
the animals or consumption of meat, has spread in 4 Bangladesh districts.
Some 38 people were 1st found infected in Sirajgunj, about 150 km from
Dhaka, on 19 Aug 2010, but the disease has now spread to Badna, Tangail and
Sources said the scare for India came from the porous borders it shares
with Bangladesh. So, chances that the "cattle corridor" -- used to smuggle
cattle from Punjab and Haryana into Bangladesh -- might be used to push
infected animals back into India are not remote, they said. The risk was
all the more because of Id-ul-Fitr, expected to be on Friday or Saturday
[10-11 Sep 2010]. Cattle traders, who would have stocked up for the Id
slaughter, will be desperate to get rid of the diseased animals, most of
which are likely to end up in Manipur and Mizoram, the sources said.
[Bengal] BSF officials denied knowledge of the anthrax alert in Bangladesh,
saying they had yet to get instructions to block movement of infected cattle.
Date: 6 Sep 2010
Source: The Financial Express [edited]
The district administration of Narayanganj has taken precautionary measures
to check any outbreak of anthrax by asking the butchers not to slaughter
cattle without medical examination. Narayanganj civil surgeon office
sources said there is no anthrax patient in the district. The district,
upazila and paurasabha level inspectors have been instructed to supervise
different slaughter houses to detect the infected cattle and bury them
under 6 feet. Persons dealing with animals have been advised to keep
themselves away from the infected animals like goats, sheep, cattle and horses.
Meanwhile, Rajshahi City Corporation (RCC) has adopted a special programme
to prevent anthrax infection from the beef in the metropolis. From today [6
Sep 2010], a team led by a veterinary surgeon will remain on standby at
each of the Haragram, Luxmipur, Upashahar, Shalbagan, Naodapara, Shaheb
Bazar and Binodpur Bazars from 6:00 am to 9:00 pm everyday. Before
slaughtering, all cattle will be examined by the team, while the meat and
hides of the slaughtered animals must be marked by selected seal.
The decision has been taken at an emergency meeting of the newly formed
Anthrax Prevention Committee at the city bhaban with the committee chief
and RCC Chief Executive Officer Ajaher Ali in the chair. RCC Chief Health
Officer Dr Abul Fazal, District Livestock Officer Khairul Alam, Chairman of
Animal Husbandry and Veterinary Science Department of Rajshahi University
Dr Jalal Uddin Sarder, Assistant Professor Dr Akhtarul Islam, Senior
Veterinary Surgeon Dr Hedayetul Islam and RCC Veterinary Surgeon Dr Farhad
Uddin were, among others, present at the meeting. The meeting requested the
traders, butchers and consumers to extend necessary cooperation to the team
side by side with creating awareness among the consumers in general.
[The proof of the pudding is in the eating. The Bangladesh authorities have
got their people lined up. The Bengali authorities have been told,
possibly. It is hard to know what they know at this point, but with the
festivities celebrating the end of Ramadan (Id-ul-Fitr is coming at the end
of this week), there will be an increased demand for market animals. If
nothing happens, the Bangladesh veterinary authorities and livestock
inspectors can congratulate themselves. Fingers crossed. - Mod.MHJ]