Saturday, February 28, 2009

Fever rash has spread 23/24 districts

Ss I previously mentioned, many of these cases are having severe respiratory problems

Presently, almost all districts in HCM City have had the fever infected rash (measles, Rubella ...).

Patients with fever and will connect the country to interview nốt throughout the body.

Dr. Le Hong Nga, Medical Center for the city said at the Seminar on "Media preventing disease and measles rash and fever illness" 26 am to 2.

According to a report by Medical Center for the city, and the fever of the disease has appeared in almost all districts of, extramural.

BS said Russia had received information from the 23/24 district internal, extramural send to know for all of the detected infected. Hoc Mon District no BS report but said Russia has sufficient basis asserted in the district also has the fever infected rash.

According to Center for Health, Vietnam is the rate of disease due to high water into the eastern immigrants, living environment, exchange narrow facilitate disease spread from person to person a quickly.

. Subjects infection in Vietnam is most children because of self-protection awareness and prevent disease spread less. Environment infected is high school, work ...

. Currently, the types of the fever patients are no special drug therapy. ). One of the best prevention is to prevent vaccine MMR vaccines for adults and children (except pregnant women).

How to prevent disease and fever rash
- - Isolation patients during disease spread (at least a week where you from).

Where isolation is at home or hospital; ensure ventilation, sanitation.
. - Avoid contact with others, to school, work to heal the sick.
- - Need to do personal hygiene and carefully, not more roads to the nose throat shot out the air, floors, furniture ...
- - Men should not be wind, water kiêng, not wear thick clothes and prod to break the water nốt interview.

Many traders also home to the disease of cattle and poultry

Urgent measures to prevent bird flu epidemic from spreading

13:20' 28/02/2009 (GMT+7)
VietNamNet Bridge - 11 provinces nationwide are yet to be free from bird flu epidemic for 21 days, according to the Veterinary Department.

These provinces include Bac Lieu, Bac Ninh, Ca Mau, Dien Bien, Hau Giang, Khanh Hoa, Nghe An, Ninh Binh, Quang Ninh, Quang Tri and Soc Trang.
50,000 avian flu-affected poultries have been culled and three people have been infected with the disease since early this year.

Addressing the online meeting between the National Steering Board for Anti - Bird Flu Prevention and 15 provinces and cities on February 26, Permanent Deputy Prime Minister Nguyen Sinh Hung pointed out six measures to prevent the epidemic, in which a high sense of responsibility must be raised among authorities at all levels, collectives and individuals and agricultural, medical and relevant sectors and the whole political system; the special attention must be paid to the vaccination against the disease in combination with the hygienic conditions of stables and urgent measures should be taken to prevent the spread of the diseases.

Quail cull at farm starts after bird flu found

The Yomiuri Shimbun

NAGOYA--The Aichi prefectural government on Saturday started culling about 259,000 quails at a farm in Toyohashi, where the H7 strain of bird flu was detected last week.

Aichi Gov. Masaaki Kanda and Toyohashi Mayor Koichi Sahara visited the area in the morning.

The culled quails are being buried at the farm.

Meanwhile, the Toyohashi quail farmers' cooperative restarted quail egg shipments at 8:30 a.m. Saturday as the area regulating the shipment of quails and eggs was reduced from a 10-kilometer radius around the bird flu-hit farm to a five-kilometer radius.

The cooperative, which usually ships about 500,000 eggs in total from eight member farms everyday, received about 250,000 eggs from five farmers one the day.

The cooperative's manager for quality control, Kuniyoshi Iwase, 36, said, "Though the amount is half of our usual load, I'm relieved that we could restart shipments."

(Mar. 1, 2009)

Philadelphia CBP Conducts First Avian Flu Response Exercise

(Wednesday, February 25, 2009)

contacts for this news release

Philadelphia - Customs and Border Protection Port of Philadelphia conducted its first Avian Influenza response exercise at Philadelphia International Airport on Tuesday to evaluate its procedures to secure the highly pathogenic Avian Influenza-H5N1 pandemic in the bustling international passenger operations environment.

As many as 30 officials from CBP, Philadelphia International Airport, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, U.S. Department of Agriculture, Penn. Department of Agriculture, Philadelphia Fire Department and Federal Bureau of Investigations conducted a simulated response to two airline passengers who exhibited physical distress en route to Philadelphia from Hong Kong. As part of the exercise, CBP officers discovered stuffed animals representing one live and one dead bird in one of the passenger’s carryon bag.

A CBP agriculture specialist participates in a response exercise dealing with the Avian Flu.
A CBP agriculture specialist participates in a response exercise dealing with the Avian Flu.

“CBP is a professional border security agency responsible for detecting, containing and mitigating all threats at our nation’s borders and this exercise is another example of our responsible commitment to protecting America and our citizens here in the Delaware Valley,” said Allan Martocci, CBP port director for the Area Port of Philadelphia. “As federal leaders in agriculture inspection and protection, we take plant and animal diseases very seriously, and avian influenza is a dangerously contagious disease that has been known to inflict humans.”

CBP processed 1.7 million international passenger and crew arrivals at Philadelphia International Airport during fiscal year 2008. Though there have been no avian flu reports in the United States, outbreaks of avian flu have been reported in Asia, Europe, the Middle East and Africa, prime source nations for many of PHL’s international arrivals.

According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, the highly pathogenic avian influenza A-virus, also called H5N1, has caused serious disease and death in domesticated poultry and wild birds on multiple continents. Humans rarely get sick with H5N1 viruses, but since 2003, more than 400 people in outbreak nations have become ill, and of those reported cases, more than 60 percent of these people died.

For this initial avian flu exercise, CBP officials were focused on how officers responded during initial engagements with travelers exhibiting flu-like symptoms. Most initial responses to a traveler in obvious physical distress require CBP officers to immediately contact medical professionals. CDC staff is co-located in the international arrivals terminal and assists with ill traveler calls. The Philadelphia Fire Department also has an emergency medical services staff at PHL.

A second measurement is how well CBP agriculture specialists understood proper quarantine protective measures for the traveler’s birds. These birds would typically be shipped to an agency that can examine them for any presence of Avian Influenza.

CDC officials said the exercise provided valuable information for the future.

“This event provided a great opportunity to learn and improve both our plans and the way we work with our partners at the Philadelphia International Airport,” said Dr. Julie Sinclair, Quarantine Veterinary Medical Officer at the CDC’s Quarantine Station - Philadelphia. “By consistently preparing and exercising plans, we continue to build and enhance a strong foundation that helps ensure we’ll be ready to protect the public’s health if a pandemic threatens the United States or during any emergency.”

The CBP Philadelphia Port Director expressed his thoughts on this initial bird flu exercise.

“I would grade this exercise as a success in that we were able to measure our individual and collective preparedness, and discuss areas to mature our existing CBP response plans,” said Martocci. “Interagency responsibility and cooperation was a tremendously successfully revelation to us.”

For more information on Avian Influenza, please visit CDC’s Web site. ( Centers for Disease Control and Prevention )

U.S. Customs and Border Protection is the unified border agency within the Department of Homeland Security charged with the management, control and protection of our nation's borders at and between the official ports of entry. CBP is charged with keeping terrorists and terrorist weapons out of the country while enforcing hundreds of U.S. laws.

Contacts For This News Release
Steve Sapp
CBP Public Affairs
Phone:(215) 594-4117

Avian influenza, the disease lo mồm long móng continue spreading

Disease of poultry, cattle continue to spread in many provinces in the country.

Quang Ninh Province yesterday announced HPAI in Dai Yen commune, Ha Long city. Veterinary Department in Quang Ninh province also adds in the recent local communes on gore, Binh Lieu district has been lo mồm patients on long móng animals out of the commune. All of buffaloes are infected or not to be vaccinated.

. While in Bac Lieu province in the Mekong Delta, through the Department Director Animal Health Department in the notice has also discovered a flu outbreak in poultry Phong Thanh Dong A, Rai district Price .

. But from past patients infected with H5N1 virus in the second death has, in three patients with influenza A/H5N1 in the country since the beginning of the year so far


Flag of Vietnam

Still current at: 28 February 2009
Updated: 24 February 2009

This advice has been reviewed and reissued with an amendment to the Summary and Health section (Avian Flu poultry outbreaks and human fatality, February 2009). The overall level of the advice has not changed. I guess its A-OK to travel to Indo or Vietnam

..HEAVILY INFECTED AREAS..thanks for the heads up CDC

CDC Travel Health Notices

Currently CDC does not recommend that the general public avoid travel to any of the countries affected by H5N1.

Bird flu feared as hundreds of chicken die near Biratnagar

Two days after the government completed its culling and killing operation of poultry and poultry products in Sharanamati VDC of Jhapa to control bird-flu detected in the area a week ago, almost 1,000 chickens in farms in Tankisinuwari of Morang district have died sending a pang of panic among the locals.

Some 400 chickens belonging to Dinesh Sitaula and 600 chickens belonging to Kiran Kafle died on Friday and Saturday, news reports said. The chickens started salivating and had swollen heads before they died, said the owners. The locals are scared of a bird-flu outbreak with flocks of chicken dying.

Initial investigation on the samples have tested negative to bird-flu, according to technicians from the Regional Animal Disease Diagnosis Laboratory (RADDL), Biratnagar.

Veterinary technicians have collected samples of the dead chicken for further investigation. The samples have been brought to Kathmandu for further tests. Feb 28 09

Quang Ninh, Bac Lieu further outbreak HPAI

On 27-2, Department of Animal Health a notice outbreak HPAI occur in Dai Yen commune, Ha Long, Quang Ninh 80 as the poultry disease, died on 23-2. All of the birds have been destroyed. Presently there are 9 provinces with HPAI are: Bac Ninh (past 17 days), Ninh Binh (14 days), Khanh Hoa (9 days), Ca Mau, Soc Trang, Hau Giang, Quang Ninh, Bac Lieu and Dien Bien.

. The same day, Mr. Lam intelligence, Department Director Department Veterinary Bac Lieu province, said more recently discovered a flu outbreak in poultry Price Rai district. The animal has all ducks out of 207 households Mr. Phan Van Dinh, village I live, in Phong Thanh Dong A, Price Rai district. Test results to see flocks of ducks positive for H5N1 virus.

- Afternoon 27-2, Animal Health Station Duy Xuyen district, Quang Nam Province in collaboration with government in Duy Phuoc destroys the required 64 pigs infected with blue ear disease. This is the number of pigs by 34 households in My Phuoc, Trieu Chau, Hoa Binh, Hoa Nhuan (-Duy Phuoc Duy Xuyen), and patients to 26-2.

So, to 27-2, 13 local communes of 4 districts in Quang Nam, including Dien Ban, Que Son, Thang Binh, and Duy Xuyen has 27 outbreak blue ear pig re Bùng play, as for over 1,500 children infected pigs. In particular, the pig must all required up to nearly 964 children.

Vaccinated avian influenza reached one-third

Thứ Sáu, 27/02/2009, 15:46

- The 26 / 2, Pham Van Quynh, Director Department of Agriculture and Rural Development-Can Tho City, said city vaccination flu influenza reached 37.8 percent, equivalent to 716,000 chicken, ducks in total 1893 .830 children.

Department of Health Can Tho City and established the six foreign hospital emergency flu H5N1 in the city and 16 in the district.

. Bui Thi fees, PGD Health Department Can Tho City, said the phone number provided when detecting signs of avian influenza in people is: (0710) 3831884, 3822352.

No cases of bird flu transmission between humans confirmed

Updated : 6:12 PM, 02/28/2009
No cases of bird flu transmission between humans confirmed
The H5N1 avian flu virus has not been found to spread from human to human in Vietnam, though the World Health Organization has warned of a possible viral mutation that could allow it to be transmitted among people, said a Vietnamese health official on February 27.

Nguyen Huy Nga, head of the Department of Preventive Health and the Environment, said that patients in the same family were infected directly from the diseased fowl.

The Health Ministry has monitored 20 people in contact with two patients who earlier died from the virus in the northern provinces of Ninh Binh and Quang Ninh but has detected no more cases of infection.

Most H5N1 patients who died last year and in early 2009 were taken to hospital too late or had tried to treat themselves at home.

Indo: Bekasi: A Pasien Suspect AI Died

Sabtu, 28 Februari 2009
Reports journalist Cokorda Yudhistira

BEKASI, SATURDAY - And (8), a children's home in Kampung Sukamantri, Village Sukaraya, Karangbahagia District, Kabupaten Bekasi, died at the Friendship Hospital, East Jakarta, Saturday (28 / 2) morning. And treated in the hospital with the status of the patient suspect bird flu.

"And dimakamkan Saturday afternoon before," the description of Head of Disease Control and Environmental Health Office Penyehatan Kabupaten Bekasi, Rudi Ruhdiat, who contacted the day before.

And referred to the Friendship Hospital on Saturday morning because the child with suspected bird flu virus. Previously, and treated in hospital Annisa, Cikarang, Bekasi regency, since Friday night.

Child is diagnosed with pneumonia symptoms have a fever along with cough and fever shortness of breath. Obtained information that around the house And the chickens have died suddenly, but chicken is buried.

With the case in the Village Sukaraya, Karangbahagia, in one of this month, cases of bird flu found in two sub-districts in Bekasi District. Other bird flu cases reported occurred in the Village Sukamulya, District Sukatani, early February. (Cok)
hat-tip Sally

Friday, February 27, 2009

Indo: Klaten: AI suspect the patient condition improved

Edition: Friday, February 27, 2009, hal.vii

Pemkab waspadai birds in the market

Klaten (Espos) Pemkab Klaten improve supervision of the poultry into the local market.

Efforts are made following a description of the birds that died in the contract because Kemalang avian influenza (AI) or bird flu is a bird that has just purchased in the market.
Kasubdin Livestock Agriculture and Food (DPKP) Klaten Sri Muryani to Espos, Thursday (26 / 2) menuturkan, operation and inspection to the market has done the routine. In fact, chickens are often complex market disemprot disinfectant by DPKP.
"But the control can not be done at any time because the HR (human resources-red) limited us," he said in Klaten.

Description of Sri raised after knowing that the chickens died due to causes terjangkiti AI virus H5N1 in the vicinity of the two citizens who are suspect Kemalang AI, obtained from the patient's family the local market area. Patient's grandmother, Sartiyem, 43, revealed, as many as 15 chicken dikandangkan a few times then died suddenly. Some of them had taken both by the patient.

As made SOLOPOS (26 / 2), two children under five Kemalang citizens expressed as pengidap suspect H5N1 virus causes avian influenza (AI). They treated inap in RSUP dr Soeradji Tirtonegoro, Klaten, Wednesday (25 / 2).

Both patients are Roslik Rev. Adiarta, 5, and keponakannya, Vishnu Candra, 1, residents Dukuh Kemalang Wetan Village bunch Kemalang District, Klaten. They are now undergoing observation for a high fever which never recovered after the environmental history of live shows dozens of dead birds in a sudden, since last week.

Second condition the patient suspect bird flu was declared yesterday to begin significantly. Symptoms of fever patients both suffered declines, while coughing and shortness of breath began to suffer a blow.
Vishnu Candra has stated terindikasi contract respiratory tract infection symptoms on (ISPA), whereas Roslik Rev. Adiarta still intensively monitored by the Government General Hospital (RSUP) dr Soeradji Tirtonegoro.

From the data terpantau, uterus leukosit (white blood cell) Roslik still be in the range 7000 per mm3. Meanwhile, Vishnu reach 14,500 per mm3. Director RSUP dr dr Soeradji Tirtonegoro Arif Faisal Sp Rad said that the condition Roslik will continue to be monitored. "The views up to the limit of normal, meaning not until the summer again," he said.

Meanwhile yesterday, the socialization-related disease anticipation AI held in Dukuh Kemalang Wetan, Village bunch, Kemalang. Socialization is held by stakeholders, namely from the Agriculture, Public Health and Muspika range. Activity was followed by dozens of local people.
"No destruction, not because the number of deaths, mass population and poultry that have not many," Sri dust. - By: Adi Heriyono Anggoro

Indo: Klaten: Two five suspect AI

[Thursday, 26 February 2009]

One cousin yards in Klaten

KLATEN - Two five origin Kemalang Wetan, Grompol, District Kemalang, Klaten, yesterday treated with the status of suspect (suspected to have a) avian influenza (AI) or bird flu. Vishnu Candra, 1, and Roslik Rev. Ardiarta, 5, five cousin who lived in a yard two houses in the intensively treated Suraji Tirtonegoro hospitals, Klaten.

Before referred to the hospitals, both had been treated to several hours in the health Kemalang. Roslik referred to Suraji Tuesday (24 / 2) at around 21:00. He was immediately treated in isolation space of children. Meanwhile, Vishnu follow referred yesterday (25 / 3), at approximately 11:00.

According to the officer Pemberantasan Diseases (P2P) Region Kemalang, Mukhlis, when incoming puskesmas Roslik high fever. Tuesday night body temperature reached 38 degrees centigrade.

"The night is also our direct to refer to hospitals in more information. For, there is history sepekan last dozen chickens belonging to the family Roslik died suddenly. After review, chicken-chicken AI is dead wrong," he said.

According to the father Roslik, Rohmad, 34, son of the temperature rise since Monday afternoon. At that time, he thought only sick Roslik ordinary flu. So, the new day brought to a health clinic after it. "Until the health center was even referred to the hospitals. Yet know exactly what my child's disease. But, before dozens of chickens that I bought new was sudden death,''he said.

Director of Medical and Nursing RSUD Suraji Tirtonegoro, dr Bambang Purwoatmojo, the patient is still in the process of observation. Government is already taking a sample of blood and mucus patient, to be inspected in the laboratory.

"The development of the patient is monitored in particular by checking the patient's condition every eight hours. The last examination, the patient has not showed the acute infection of lung inflammation (pneumonia). The number of white blood cells are still normal,''he said, while calling wait mucus sample examination laboratory results in Semarang.

Waiting for lab results, the hospital still anticipate with second isolate patients in the isolation room of children. But, decided not to isolate them in special rooms disease. "The team doctors who handle patients also special teams," he added

Bambang added, since hospitals Suraji hospitals as bird flu patients in 2008, this new first time they address them. Suraji addition to hospitals, hospitals dr Moewardi Solo is also a place where a bird flu patient care. (Oh / tej)

Bird Flu in Poultry Rage Back

West Java
Friday, February 27, 2009

Purwakarta - Hundreds of villagers in the Kampung chicken Nanggeng, Neglasari Village, Kecamatan Purwakarta, Purwakarta Regency, West Java, died suddenly in the last sepekan. Death of the chicken-chicken chicken, followed by a crest which was changed to black.

Local people, Suherman Ade (35), said, for one last weekend, about 100 chickens died suddenly dikampungnya, so that citizens directly burn and bury the dead chickens was unexpected, because it is concerned with bird flu virus.
Meanwhile, Agriculture and Animal Husbandry Bandung to find the positive poultry bird flu contagious. This is based on rapid tests be conducted in Ciseupan, Pasirjati and Jatihandap, Mandalajati, Thursday (26 / 2).

"All poultry known to be positive bird flu immediately destroyed," said the Agriculture and Animal Husbandry, Bandung, Elise Wieke. More than 40 poultry tails burned.

Rapid tests conducted following a report that the chickens died suddenly. Starting from as many as 14 chickens fowl Ali Sofyan, Ciseupan citizens.
According to Ali, peliharaannya chickens suddenly died suddenly, without any known reason. Lapse of time and then some chickens belonging to a neighbor Ali also experiencing the same thing.

Worry bird flu fell ill, then Ali reported. Ali appeared to concern correctly, so that when all the chickens own the tails of 40 must be destroyed, Ali pasrah.
Bandung city itself is still stated as endemi bird flu in poultry. The 10 villages that have still found cases of bird flu in poultry in 2008.

According to Elise all poultry infected with the bird flu virus has not been vaccinated. "Many poultry owners are reluctant memvaksin own poultry," said Elise.
On estimated there are about 180 thousand poultry, while the divaksin has appeared only about 89 thousand head only.

Pig Export upset
In Singkawang, West Kalimantan (Kalbar) of the entrepreneurs, about the plan to export pork to foreign countries, still by the bird flu issue that until now has not been fully sterile in Indonesia.

"We never had to pasok needs of the State of Sarawak, Malaysian Federation in 2001. But until now demand from new overseas have not yet, "said Tetiono, President Director of PT Fajar (FS) to the seminar participants at the 2009 Prospect poultry Singkawang, Thursday (26 / 2) yesterday.

Tetiono hope the government promptly thoroughly eradicate bird flu disease in Indonesia. If the bird flu-free India, the production of pig Kalbar, can be perforated to South Korea and the Philippines.

The price of pork is marketed live to Jakarta Rp 19 ribu per kilogram and the price for seed breeder for penggembukan in West Kalimantan to Rp 490 thousand per head.
(Didit ernanto / aju / between)

Egypt: 100, an increase in the prices of poultry

Producers seeking compensation for the affected farms to increase the supply of influenza

Poultry prices rose in the market, 100, sold at 13 pounds a district to 12 pounds .. And sold in inter-farm price of 950 pounds for the kilogram of the neighborhood.
.. Producers confirmed: that the cause of the price increase was the high cost of production following the increase of prices of chicks

They said: The poultry industry needs some necessary measures such as the completion of the draft law on trading of live poultry in markets for the excess of supply over demand and lower prices for consumers.

They said: the proposed law would put an end to the greed of those who exaggerate the intermediate links in the identification of profit margins and raise prices to consumers.

They asked the government to the need for a policy of compensation and the wards of the farms affected by the flu to eliminate the hotbeds of the disease, which spread to Yblg by their owners due to the policy of the government affected by the lack of compensation.

The prices of poultry in markets Lawn and Ein Shams and al-palm and the particular rise in Cairo this week and prices were 13 per kilogram compared to a neighborhood of 12 pounds in the markets of Giza prices ranging from 12 pounds to 50 pounds to 13 pounds and 75 pounds in some areas.

.. Explain traders and Ali Zaid Mohamed Sayed Fuad Azim of Giza, that the reason for the higher prices increase the demand for the purchase of poultry in the farms and the high prices in the wards of Education in addition to the high cost of transport.

.. They said: The state has kiosks in ambushes traffic for inspection of poultry and the prevention of traffic and the quantities are in many cases and this leads to increased burden and therefore the prices of the final product on the market.

They said: The government seeks to prevent the sale of live traders in the market to prevent the spread of influenza and the transition to the sale of chilled and frozen poultry and this is almost impossible at the present time, especially since the pattern of consumption is still prefer to buy live fresh and frozen slaughtered on the radiator.
550 قرشا
550 pts

A Ahmad Khayyat Chairman of the Federation of poultry producers on the prices of the previous education of chicks 200 East to 550 pounds for a single chick, and this led to an increase in the final price of live poultry in the farms because the price is what the ruling Nestling in the cost of production.
.. Noted: that the reason for the rise in prices is the weakness of the chicks and the decline of the popularity of mothers raising a workshop producing fattening chicks used in education, due to the failure of the Government to compensate farmers hit by bird flu.

.. Khayat took the government responsible for the spread of bird flu and not reverse the lack of a clear policy for compensation and pointed out that the farm owners to report on the wards Aigmon and farms infected with influenza, in the case of reporting has not been compensated for that resort to the disposal of infected poultry in the markets and be sold and not reported on the infected spots so that can not tolerate the losses.

.. Khayyat said: the solution lies in the government to take pro-active measures to protect the local poultry industry and to eliminate the dreaded disease.

Clear: the supply of fattening chicks retreat has been opened for imports from abroad to fill the deficit.

The law of the circulation of poultry

.. D demanded. Nabil Darwish, Chairman of the Federation of poultry producers need to expedite the issuance of the law of the circulation of live poultry and submitted to the People's Assembly during the current session for approval because the law would prevent the greed of the intermediate links retailers and wholesalers.

He pointed out that traders have access to a profit margin ranging from 2 to 3 pounds and a half pound each kilo, while the educators who bear the full risk in the capital did not earn a profit, such as traders ..

He noted that the law gives the circulation of poultry and Minister of Agriculture the right to declare the circulation of live poultry in the market system to be completed by the massacres.

The law will put an end to the greed of the intermediate links, which use the breeder and the consumer pays the bill in full at the end.
hat-tip Florida1

Egypt: Detention of suspected cases of Avian influenza Menoufia

[2 new suspected cases of bird flu -]

2009 Feb 27

احتجاز حالتي اشتباه
Detention of suspected cases of
بإنفلونزا الطيور بالمنوفية ‏
Avian influenza Menoufia

شبين الكوم ـ مكتب الأهرام‏:
Office of Shebin Al-Ahram:
احتجز مستشفي حميات شبين الكوم حالتين جديدتين للاشتباه في اصابتهما بمرض انفلونزا الطيور أحدهما لطالب يدعي أحمد سعيد أنور‏(14‏ سنة‏)‏ بالصف الثالث الاعدادي والحالة الثانية لربة منزل تدعي زهرة عبد العزيز علي‏(30‏ سنه‏)‏ بمركز قويسنا وتم أخذ العينات منهما وارسالها الي المعامل المركزية بوزارة الصحة‏.‏

Detained Shebin hospital admitted two new suspected bird flu getting one for a student, Ahmed Saeed Anwar (14 years) grade III and lower the second case housewife Zahara Abdul Aziz Ali (30 years) was the status of Quesna sampling of them and sent to labs central Ministry of Health.
hat-tip Florida1

Pulo shares: lead the fight against bird flu

2009 on 27 day 02 years 18:27 Sina Finance

Sina Tip: Comments section of this article belong to stocks, securities advice only on the relevant units or plates and analysis of personal views, not official news, Sina does not guarantee its authenticity and objectivity, which investors operate your own risk . The accuracy of all information relating to the Unit, please notice, whichever is the Shanghai and Shenzhen Stock Exchange.

Reuters February 24 published studies showed that the largest pharmaceutical company is currently 2.5 billion annual vaccine. If a sudden outbreak of avian influenza, pharmaceutical plants need four years to meet the global demand for vaccines, researchers said that by 2014 annual production capacity is expected to increase to 5.1-14.7 billion. Vaccine pharmaceutical companies will have to race against time in full swing. Abroad, the proliferation of the spread of bird flu, country surrounding the epidemic situation is grim, this avian influenza vaccine for the industrial development brought about by the vast space. An active interest in related industries may wish to listed companies pulo shares (000,739).

The largest domestic companies are amantadine and rimantadine manufacturers of raw materials, raw materials annual production capacity of 380 tons, accounting for about 65% market share, agents reach an annual output of 200,000,000 rimantadine tablets and 10 million bottles of Diamond B amine Koufuye scale. From China's Ministry of Health recommend the use of influenza antiviral drugs to combat the look, the company anti-viral drugs rimantadine and amantadine ranks one of and included in the Ministry of Health announced the Human bird flu clinic program. Yasuhiro pharmaceutical production M2 ion channel blocker rimantadine raw materials and tablets, was listed as the stock of pharmaceuticals to combat avian flu. The current global avian influenza vaccine production and demand enormous contradictions, the company's estate a good prospect.

Trend, the stock Friday by the 60 day moving average of the strong support, maintained a rising channel well, and now shares were down near the channel has stabilized, once the trend has stabilized, a wave of independence is expected to counterattack market, investors can actively concerned.

Found for the first time in Japan H7 avian influenza virus

February 27, 2009 13:15:49 Source: Xinhuanet

February 27, in Aichi, Japan Shimizu-cho, Toyohashi City, found that H7 avian influenza virus was isolated farms. Japan's agriculture ministry said on the 27th, quarantine staff in Aichi Prefecture in central Japan at a quail farm found H7 avian influenza virus, This is the first time the virus was discovered in Japan. Xinhua / AFP

Xinhua Tokyo, February 27 (Xinhua Liu Yuan) on the 27th MAFF said quarantine officers in the Aichi Prefecture in central Japan at a quail farm found H7 avian influenza viruses, this is the first time in Japan found that the virus.

Ministry of Agriculture, said the farm is located in Aichi Prefecture, Shimizu-cho, Toyohashi City, Aichi Prefecture, on the 18th of this month quarantine officers have conducted a routine farms are regularly checked, extracted 10 quail serum. 25, one of two quail serum of H7 avian influenza virus antibody test results were positive. Therefore, the same day also took 30 quail serum, one of five of the above test results were positive, there is no found dead quails.

The farm on the 25th from a ban on the transport quail, Aichi Prefecture, is also prohibited on the same day to the farm as the center, a radius of 10 kilometers of the chicken and other poultry transport.

According to local media quoted the Aichi news reports, Toyohashi City, Aichi Prefecture, this farm a total of 320,000 quails, in a radius of 10 kilometers of poultry embargo There are 65 farms with 4,060,000 quail.

Oseltamivir-Resistant Influenza Virus A (H1N1), Europe, 2007–08 Season

[hat-tip Ironorehopper. Also, included in this post, is excerpts from the document]
DOI: 10.3201/eid1504.081280
Suggested citation for this article: Meijer A, Lackenby A, Hungnes O, Lina B, van der Werf S, Schweiger B, et al.
Oseltamivir-resistant influenza A (H1N1) virus, Europe, 2007–08 season. Emerg Infect Dis. 2009 April; [Epub ahead of print]


In Europe, the 2007–08 winter season was dominated by influenza virus A (H1N1) circulation through week 7, followed by influenza B virus from week 8 onward.
Oseltamivir-resistant viruses A (H1N1) (ORVs) with H275Y mutation in the neuraminidase emerged independently of drug use.
By country, the proportion of ORVs ranged from 0% to 68%, with the highest proportion in Norway. The average weighted prevalence of ORVs across Europe increased gradually over time, from near 0 in week 40 of 2007 to 56% in week 19 of 2008 (mean 20%).
Neuraminidase genes of ORVs possessing the H275Y substitution formed a homogeneous subgroup closely related to, but distinguishable from, those of oseltamivir-sensitive influenza viruses A (H1N1).
Minor variants of ORVs emerged independently, indicating multiclonal ORVs.
Overall, the clinical effect of ORVs in Europe, measured by influenza-like illness or acute respiratory infection, was unremarkable and consistent with normal seasonal activity.

From above paper. Excerpts.



Unexpectedly, influenza viruses A (H1N1) with a single amino acid substitution H275Y in the NA, which caused a several hundred-fold selective reduction in susceptibility to oseltamivir, emerged and were sustained in circulation in Europe during 2007–08, despite low antivirual drug use (Figure 1).

Before the 2007–08 season, <1%>100 nmol/L for NAI drugs (A. Lackenby et al., unpub. data), in concordance with results from worldwide surveillance (8,9).

In 2007–08, influenza viruses A (H3N2) and B circulating in Europe remained sensitive to NAI drugs.

This emergence of oseltamivir-resistant influenza virus A (H1N1) in Europe coincided with the dominant circulation of this virus subtype during the 2007–08 winter in Europe and the emergence of a new drift variant, A/Brisbane/59/2007 (30).

Of the last 12 influenza seasons, influenza viruses A (H1N1) were dominant only in 2000–01, which included a new drift variant, A/New Caledonia/20/99 (20).

In the other 10 seasons, influenza viruses A (H1N1) played a minor role, with influenza viruses A (H3N2) dominant in 9 seasons.

Compared with 2000–01, peak incidence rates for ILI or ARI in 7 of 13 countries were similar or lower in 2007–08 (Table).

In 6 countries, the peak incidence rates were significantly higher in 2007–08 than in 2000–01, but with a 2-fold difference in 5 countries and, in Spain only, a 4.8-fold difference. Both the 2000–01 and 2007–08 seasons were unremarkable in the overall clinical impact of influenza, with normal seasonal activity as measured by comparison of peak incidence rates for all seasons since 2000–01.

Sporadically occurring A/New Caledonia/20/99-like ORVs with H275Y were detected during the 2006–07 season in the United Kingdom and United States but did not become epidemiologically important.

Indeed, the genetic background plays a role in retaining the replication efficiency and pathogenicity of recombinant influenza viruses A (H5N1) and A (H1N1) after introduction of tyrosine at position 275 (33).
Furthermore, other previously analyzed influenza viruses A (H1N1) with the H275Y mutation showed impaired replicative ability in cell culture and reduced infectivity and substantially compromised pathogenicity in animal models, compared with the corresponding wild-type virus (34,35).

The coincidental emergence of H275Y with the circulation of the A/Brisbane/59/2007 drift variant may have favored the emergence of fit transmissible ORVs.

This point is also illustrated by the emergence of A/Brisbane/59/2007-like ORVs in other parts of the Northern Hemisphere and their continued circulation during the 2008 Southern Hemisphere influenza epidemic season (36–38).

Since the last quarter of 2007, ORVs have been detected in continents other than Europe, with proportions of ORVs varying from 100% in South Africa and Australia to <5% style="margin: 5px 20px 20px;">
The finding of a high prevalence of ORVs in the community and the overall temporal increase in resistance demonstrates that the previously documented reduced fitness of viruses bearing the H275Y mutation, ostensibly caused by structural and functional constraints (10), has been overcome in currently circulating influenza viruses A (H1N1).
The results of Rameix-Welti et al. (32) suggest that a combination of specific amino acid substitutions have increased the affinity of the NA of recent influenza viruses A (H1N1) (ORVs and OSVs) for substrate.

A better balance of NA and HA activities in ORVs compared with OSVs may have contributed to the overall fitness and transmissibility of ORVs.

However, growth curves conducted in tissue culture of pairs of ORVs and OSVs demonstrated no differences in growth kinetics or final virus yields.

Therefore, changes in other genes also may be involved in the overall impact on the fitness of ORVs, for which whole genome sequencing is necessary.
For Europe, no focal point of initiation of spread could be identified. The spread of ORV from west to east paralleled that of influenza virus A in Europe, and there was an average delay of 5.7 weeks for the appearance of ORVs after the start of influenza virus A circulation.

However, the low R2 values for both patterns make definitive conclusions difficult to draw about the spatial spread of either influenza viruses A or ORVs.

Several independent introductions into European countries of a sensitive and a resistant strain might explain the low R2 values.

Estimating whether a global focal point exists from which ORVs emerged to spread to the rest of the world is not possible, but the fact that Japan, the country with the highest per capita use of oseltamivir (5), had relatively low levels of circulating ORVs during the 2007–08 influenza season is relevant and reflects the limited circulation of the clade 2B A/Brisbane/59/2007-like viruses belonging to the European cluster in this region (31,36).

The close relationships between the NA sequences of most of the 2007–08 European ORVs and their segregation from those of OSVs suggest that resistance results in large part from the spread of a single variant.

Phylogenetic analyses show that this is a property of clade 2B A/Brisbane/59/2007-like viruses and is not associated with emergence of another antigenic variant.

However, identification of other resistant variants in the United Kingdom, some of which are more closely related to OSVs than to most ORVs (e.g., A/England/654/2007) indicates the independent parallel emergence of multiple resistant variants.

This is emphasized by small distinct clusters of closely related ORVs in Japan that are related to European OSVs, whereas only a few of the Japanese ORVs belonged to the large European ORVs cluster (31).

Resolution of the origin and frequency of emergence of ORVs and association with drug use clearly require substantially more intimate knowledge of the genetic relationships among OSVs and ORVs worldwide.

Our observations suggest that the new genetic background of influenza viruses A (H1N1) that appeared in 2007 enabled the virus to develop oseltamivir resistance independently at several locations in the world.
The combined effect of the relatively high level of circulation of influenza viruses A (H1N1) in Europe; the introduction of a new antigenic drift variant in a susceptible population, partly related to the lack of substantial influenza virus A (H1N1) circulation since the 2000–01 season; and the uncompromised transmissibility of the ORVs contributed to the epidemiologic success of the ORVs during the 2007–08 season.

This phenomenon shows clearly that continuation of antiviral susceptibility monitoring and increasing capacity for timely response are essential (21,39).

In addition, the appearance of viable transmitting ORVs is a reminder that the level of resistance to oseltamivir of seasonal or pandemic virus cannot be predicted, and therefore antiviral strategies should not rely on single drugs (40).
Although oseltamivir remains a valuable influenza antiviral agent, the emergence of natural resistance shifts attention from oseltamivir to other antiviral agents and to improved vaccination (e.g., greater vaccination coverage, more immunogenic and broadly reacting vaccines) in the fight against seasonal and pandemic influenza.

Experts say new drugs needed to fight flu pandemic

27 Feb 2009 10:56:00 GMT
Source: Reuters

HONG KONG, Feb 27 (Reuters) - Experts on Friday urged governments on Friday to diversify their stockpiles of drugs and called for more new medicines to fight what could be the world's next flu pandemic caused by the H5N1 bird flu virus.

Many advanced countries stock up on oseltamivir and zanamivir, two varieties of the same class of drugs that stops the H5N1 virus from multiplying. But oseltamivir has proven to be largely useless in fighting the H1N1 seasonal human influenza virus and experts are questioning how well, and how long, the drug would stand up against the H5N1 virus, should it unleash a pandemic. "We have been extremely foolish on our policies of stockpiling drugs. We have been stockpiling two varieties of the same drug," virologist Robert Webster at the St Jude Children's Hospital in the United States said at a medical conference in Hong Kong. He said the resistance of the H1N1 virus to oseltamivir was as high as 98 percent worldwide."The likely scenario is that the (H5N1) virus will become resistant when you start using more and more (of one) drug, you get resistant (H5N1) mutants," he told Reuters later.

The U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention said in December 2008 that 49 out of 50 H1N1 virus samples tested were no longer sensitive to oseltamivir, which is made by Roche AG and Gilead Sciences Inc. . Relenza, known generically as zanamivir, is made by GlaxoSmithKline under license from Australia's Biota Inc. .

Viruses and bacteria are sturdy organisms that fight hard to survive and adapt swiftly to drugs that are used to kill them, quickly becoming resistant to them. Experts at the conference said most H1N1 viruses were sensitive to oseltamivir just a few years ago but learnt to adapt to the drug very quickly. They warned that H5N1 could learn to adapt quickly to oseltamivir, just as H1N1 has done, because both viruses share a similar "N1" protein component.

Scientists in Vietnam reported in the past how certain strains of H5N1 were no longer sensitive to oseltamivir, resulting in the deaths of several infected patients. Experience with viruses similar to H5N1 suggests that it would best be tackled with a combination of drugs, Webster said. "Studies with HIV, leukemia have shown that we have to use multiple drugs," he said. He suggested that oseltamivir and zanamivir be trialled alongside other drugs like ribavirin and the adamantane class of drugs, like amantadine and rimantadine.

Malik Peiris a microbiologist with the University of Hong Kong said: "There is a need for developing new antivirals (drugs). Some are in very early clinical trials but development should be stepped up so there is a diversification of options." (Editing by Valerie Lee)

Civil groups want regular meets with Asean leaders

By Kavi Chongkittavorn
The Nation
Published on February 26, 2009

Asean-based civil society groups hope that their dialogue with Asean leaders can become a regular feature of regional meetings as Thailand kicks off the 14th summit in Cha-am today.

Yam Swee Seng, executive director of the Asian Forum for Human Rights and Development (Forum-Asia), said a dialogue with the leaders of Asean was a right of citizens living in the region, not a privilege. He underscored the importance of the dialogue after a series of discussions between Asean-based civil society organisations.

"This form of engagement, however, should be improved and strengthened. And we call on Surin to ensure the institutionalisation of these processes," he said referring to Dr Surin Pitsuwan, secretary-general of Asean, who held a two-hour meeting with representatives of civil groups and Thai Foreign Minister Kasit Piromya.

More than 1,500 journalists from Thailand and 25 other countries have registered to cover the three-day event in the seaside resort of Cha-am.

Participants at the summit will consider issues related to the global economic crisis, the plight of Rohingyas, and the recovery effort inside Burma after cyclone Nargis last year.

Japanese, Chinese and Asean media make up the bulk of 500 or so foreign journalists due to cover the event for outlets in their home countries.

Besides the Asean summit, there are two additional back-to-back summit meetings - the 4th Indonesia-Malaysia-Thailand Growth Triangle - (IMT-GT), and the Brunei Darussalam-Indonesia-Malaysia-Philippines East Asean Growth Area (or Bimp-Eaga). Abhisit will attend the first of these, the IMT-GT.

The highlight of the Asean summit is the scheduled 30-minute dialogue between Asean leaders and representatives of Asean civil groups.

The dialogue will be chaired and conducted by Dr Thitinan Pongsuthirak of Chualongkorn University.

Representatives from Asean member states' civil groups will sit on a sofa opposite the Asean leaders.

The meeting will include a photo "opportunity", a briefing from representatives of civil groups followed by an informal exchange between the two.

The meeting will end with the handing of a statement from the civil groups to Prime Minister Abhisit Vejjajiva.

The Nation has learned the seven-page statement contains the views and positions of Asean-based civil groups that cover the whole gamut of relations between Asean and its people on all aspects of their life and the rest of the world.

The statement also contains elements that aim to improve the human rights situation in Asean member countries.

Asean leaders will also be briefed on the progress of draft terms of reference for the Asean Human Rights Body, which will be vetted by Asean foreign ministers tomorrow.

More than 40 Asean-related documents will be signed by the Asean leaders in regard to cooperation on security, economic and socio-cultural areas.

Among them is the Declaration on the Roadmap for an Asean Community 2009-2015, which includes blueprints for the security and socio-cultural communities.

The blueprint for Aseans' economic community was approved last year at the previous Asean summit in Singapore.

All the Asean leaders will have an audience with His Majesty the King at Klai Kangwon Palace, which is close to the summit venue, the Dusit Thani Hua Hin in Cha-am.

Laos: PM leaves for 14th ASEAN Summit

A high ranking delegation of Laos led by Prime Minister Bouasone Bouphavanh left here today to attend the 14th ASEAN Summit which will be held from 27 February - 1 March 2009 in Cha-am, Phetchaburi Province, Thailand.

At the Summit, themed “ASEAN Charter for ASEAN Peoples”, ASEAN Leaders are expected to endorse the ASEAN Political-Security Community Blueprint and the ASEAN Socio-Cultural Community Blueprint, [See below] which can been seen as master-plans to guide ASEAN towards achieving the ASEAN Political-Security Community and the ASEAN Socio-Cultural Community by 2015, respectively. They will also issue a Statement on Food Security in the ASEAN Region.

On the economic front, several documents will be signed by the ASEAN Economic Ministers, including the Agreement Establishing the ASEAN-Australia-New Zealand Free Trade Area and the Mutual Recognition Arrangement on Good Manufacturing Practice of Medicinal Products.

ASEAN Foreign Ministers will also sign the ASEAN Petroleum Security Agreement.
Other events taking place during the Summit include the 4th Indonesia-Malaysia-Thailand Growth Triangle (IMT-GT) Summit and the 5th Brunei Darussalam-Indonesia-Malaysia-Philippines-East ASEAN Growth Area (BIMP-EAGA) Summit.
In line with the theme of the Summit, ASEAN Leaders will hold informal meetings with the ASEAN Inter-Parliamentary Assembly representatives and the youth and civil society representatives. They will also meet the Leaders from the ASEAN Business Advisory Council.

ASEAN Socio-Cultural Community
Public health (HIV/AIDS and AI)
Regional health concerns
Regional disaster management and emergency responses
Regional environmental issues
Promoting civil society
Workforce development
Vulnerable populations
Sustainable energy development

ASEAN Political Security Community
Promotion of good governance
Strengthening of rule of law, judiciary systems, and legal infrastructure
Post-conflict peace building, reconstruction, and rehabilitation

Fears of deadly outbreak spur doctors to keep lid on measles

15:07' 27/02/2009 (GMT+7)

VietNamNet Bridge – The potential deadly side-effects of measles - meningitis - and birth defects from rubella are underpinning prevention efforts in HCM City where 12 more cases struck on Wednesday.

Currently, 16 of the 24 districts in the city have reported measles patients.

The municipal health department was working with local authorities to sanitise and sterilise affected areas and vacinate those who were in direct contact with measles cases, said city health department deputy director Le Truong Giang.

"All primary students in the city are being vaccinated against the disease," Dr Giang said.

Ten children and two adults were reported with measles on Wednesday, bringing the number of the cases in the city to 40 over the past two weeks, but Giang said the 13 hot spots of the disease were under control.

"However, there are still cases of measles and rubella (German measles) occuring. Measles and rubella had similar symptoms. The two diseases can only be differentiated through tests."

The department was taking samples from suspected patients for further testing to help with prevention measures, Giang said.

Doctor Kieu Quoc Khanh said measles could cause blindness or meningitis while rubella had ability to harm unborn babies.

"It is serious as infection of pregnant woman can produce miscarriage, stillbirth or serious birth defects," he said.

Also, the disease could occur all year round so preventive measures were necessary, particularly for children, he said.

Currently, 16 of the 24 districts in the city have reported measles patients. The disease is hitting many localities in the north and south, including Ha Noi, Bac Ninh, Bac Giang, Nam Dinh and Thai Binh.

Agriculture ministry urges bird flu control

Friday, February 27, 2009 14:08:
Minister of Agriculture and Rural Development Cao Duc Phat Thursday asked ministries, sectors and localities to apply strict bird flu controls next month.

The ministry has instructed relevant agencies to build a series of new check-points along Vietnam’s borders to prevent animal diseases from entering the country, Phat said at a meeting held in Hanoi, chaired by Standing Deputy Prime Minister Nguyen Sinh Hung.

The ministry also suggested that provinces, which lack vaccines, should apply to the Department of Animal Health today for additional supplies, Phat said.

So far this year, 13 provinces and cities have been badly hit by bird flu, with a total of more than 52,000 fowl culled, equalling nearly half of last year’s total, department head Bui Quang Anh said at the meeting.

Currently, 11 bird flu-hit localities still haven’t controlled the epidemic, he said.

Over the past two months, bird flu has also infected three people in the country, killing one of them, Anh said.

20 Vietnam

OSHA updates pandemic flu guidance

February 27, 2009—The US Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) has updated its online information to help businesses prepare for the possibility of pandemic flu.

Safety and Health Topics: Pandemic Influenza explains what a pandemic is and the impact one could have on business and the global economy.

The site offers publications and other resources to help businesses and those responsible for planning and response at all levels, including specific information for healthcare workers and employers.

OSHA updates pandemic flu guidance

February 27, 2009—The US Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) has updated its online information to help businesses prepare for the possibility of pandemic flu.

Safety and Health Topics: Pandemic Influenza explains what a pandemic is and the impact one could have on business and the global economy.

The site offers publications and other resources to help businesses and those responsible for planning and response at all levels, including specific information for healthcare workers and employers.

Vietnam reports second bird flu death

Friday, February 27, 2009

HANOI: A 32-year-old man in Vietnam has died of bird flu, becoming the second fatality from the virus in the country so far this year, a medical official said Friday.

"The patient, 32, died on February 25," said Nguyen Van Thai, head of the intensive care unit at Hanoi's tropical diseases institute.

He had tested positive for the H5N1 strain of the virus earlier this month, said a female doctor. She said he fell sick on Feburary 3 and was moved to the hospital two days later with a high fever and respiratory problems.

H7 bird flu case detected in Japan's Aichi Prefecture 2009-02-27 13:12:30

TOKYO, Feb. 27 (Xinhua) -- The H7 bird flu has been detected at a quail farm in Toyohashi, Aichi Prefecture, said the Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries Ministry Friday.

It is the first time that bird flu has been detected in Japan since February 2007.

The ministry said that the virus "may be of attenuated virulence" as the infected birds are still alive

The virus was detected during a regular inspection earlier this month in a total of seven quails at the farm, which raises around 300,000 of the birds.

The farm has been quarantined on Wednesday and the infection route has been under investigation.
hat-tip Sally

Thursday, February 26, 2009


Published Date 26-FEB-2009
Subject PRO/MBDS> Foot & mouth disease, bovine - Laos: Vientiane
A ProMED-mail post
ProMED-mail is a program of the
International Society for Infectious Diseases

Date: Fri 20 Feb 2009
Source: Vientiane Times [edited]

Xaythany district authorities in Vientiane have instructed village
officials to ban farmers from moving and selling livestock during a
foot-and-mouth disease outbreak.

About 6 calves have died and more than 60 cattle have been infected
with the disease, according to a report from the district's
Agriculture and Forestry Office.

Cattle can become infected with foot-and-mouth disease if farmers are careless.

District Livestock and Fisheries Unit Head, Mr Thongtem Luangxay,
told Vientiane Times on Wednesday [18 Feb 2009] the district has
trained 2 veterinarians in each village to advise farmers on how to
prevent foot-and-mouth disease and how to treat infected livestock
using traditional methods. Farmers should report to village vets if
their animals become infected or die, to control the spread of the
disease, he said.

"There are several different types of foot-and-mouth disease, and we
don't know which type we have in the district," said Mr Thongtem. "We
are advising farmers to treat the disease using traditional methods
because Laos cannot yet produce a vaccine."

The government has a supply of vaccine obtained from neighbouring
countries but it is limited and is ineffective unless the particular
strain of the disease is known.

"Some types of foot-and-mouth disease cause rapid outbreaks, while
others don't. Each year we vaccinate against other diseases such as
hemorrhagic fever, for which vaccines can be produced in Laos," Mr
Thongtem said.

This year [2009] the 1st signs of the disease in the district were
detected in January [2009] in Vernphaen, Thachampa, and Natan
villages. Farmers say it is not spreading as quickly as last year
[2008]. To deal with the problem, district authorities have trained
village veterinarians in animal health care and treatment.

Mr Thongtem said in the past most farmers were careless in preventing
the spread of the disease and caring for their animals' health. Some
farmers have been vaccinating their livestock while others haven't,
and the district needs to encourage all farmers to vaccinate their animals.

The disease is spread by people bringing infected meats or livestock
to their farms from other areas. Vehicles can also spread the disease
by infecting grasses which livestock graze upon.

[Byline: K hamphone Syvongxay]

Communicated by:

[One point to note is that although the article indicates there are 2
veterinarians per village, there is a high likelihood that the
"village veterinarians" are most probably veterinary technicians or
animal health workers with unknown levels of technical training.

Another noteworthy point, is that the village animal health workers
would not be advising on treating the foot-and-mouth disease (FMD)
infections per se because the best method of preventing the actual
disease is vaccination against the outbreak strain. However, FMD
virus infection does predispose the animal to secondary bacterial
infection, especially in the feet and teats of the animal and this
may be well worth the use of any available treatments.

Previous outbreaks of foot-and-mouth disease in Laos occurred in
several provinces during 2008 and the information is available in the
prior PRO/MBDS posting Foot & mouth disease - Laos (02):
Multiprovince, Alert 20081211.3892.

Viet Nam had also reported recent foot-and-mouth activity in Quang
Ninh province (see prior PRO/MBDS posting Foot & mouth disease,
bovine - Viet Nam (05): Quang Ninh 20090223.0753).

While the information above indicates that Laos and Viet Nam are
alerted, specific test results indicating virus isolation,
confirmation, and serotyping would be of great benefit in
transparency. Furthermore, it would help in the control and
prevention of FMD within and among countries in the region.

PRO/MBDS looks forward to seeing the reports on this outbreak and
especially details of the identification of the causal virus.


February 26, 2009

MakeMyTrip Hotel Fares

West Bengal/ District Darjeeling

Department of Animal Husbandry, Dairying & Fisheries, GOI has notified fresh Avian Influenza outbreak in Punding Forest Busty [block Kurseong], district Darjeeling on 24th February, 2009.

District Dakshin Dinajpur

Containment measures are continuing in the notified areas of Dakshin Dinajpur. Central Rapid Response Team of MoHFW is assisting the state health authorities. Culling activity has been completed on 21.2.2009. A total of 8273 birds have been culled. 75 cullers are under chemoprophylaxis.

Surveillance activities is continuing in 0-3 Km and 3-10 Km. In 0-3 Km area total population of 22566 is covered on daily basis. 24 cases of URI/Fever have been identified in the community on 24.2.2009 but had no exposure history to sick/dead poultry. In 3-10 Km area is conducted in phases. On 24.2.2009 a population of 4721 has been covered and 4 cases with URI/fever have been detected but had no exposure history to sick/dead poultry.

In the identified health facility 26 cases of fever/URI have been identified but had no exposure history to sick/dead poultry

State Govt. has adequate stock of Oseltamivir, personal protective equipments etc.

Situation is being monitored on a daily basis.


Thousands of birds culled in India after 24 cases of bird flu reported

[Edit to add: This report is wrong, as it is referring to ILI cases, not bf cases. See above post.] 2009-02-26 17:27:36

NEW DELHI, Feb. 26 (Xinhua) -- The Indian government has culled more than 8,000 birds in the east India's Darjeeling area after 24 cases of bird flu have been reported recently, government officials said on Thursday.

The bird flu outbreak took place in Punding Forest of Darjeeling area, the Department of Animal Husbandry, Dairying and Fisheries officials said. Containment and surveillance measures are being carried out in the area while a rapid response team sent by the central government was assisting local health authorities there, said the officials. All the bird flu cases had no exposure to poultry, said the officials who are monitoring the situation on a daily basis.

Wednesday, February 25, 2009

Disease of cattle, poultry spread

Wednesday, 25/02/2009, 11:45 (GMT + 7)


QDND - Afternoon 25-2, Department of Animal Health said, Can Tho province is 10th in the country and appear lo mom, long móng in cattle. Outbreaks were discovered in Phuoc Thoi Ward, O Mon District, Can Tho, on pigs prepared to slaughter. The whole number of infected pigs and was destroyed. Units are related to the coordination outbreak originated. Previously, disease will continue to spread in many provinces such as Bac Kan, Nghe An, Quang Ngai and Kon Tum.

Dịch "blue ear" in pigs also tends to spread. Way to have more Bac Lieu provinces appear this disease, raising the total number of local and on the three provinces Bac Lieu, Quang Nam and Quang Ninh.

* Meanwhile, HPAI has "opposed" to the Northwest. According to a report by Department Veterinary Dien Bien province, from 18 to 24-2, HPAI outbreaks have occurred in two communes in Thanh Hung and Do Luong (Dien Bien district). Total poultry sick and destroys the duck is 1460, besides 1,000 eggs infected and also destroyed. Along this time, flu and continue Bùng in Vinh Loi district, Thanh Tri (Soc Trang) ducks out of 2 (about 700 children). All of the birds have been destroyed. Presently there are 11 provinces laCa Mau, Soc Trang, Nghe An, Hau Giang, Quang Ninh, Quang Tri, Bac Ninh, Bac Lieu, Khanh Hoa, Ninh Binh and Dien Bien are HPAI.

Drug-resistant malaria threatens disease control: WHO

Drug-resistant malaria threatens disease control: WHO AFP/File – Cambodian men, women and children receive treatment for malaria. The emergence of new drug resistant …

GENEVA (AFP) – The emergence of new drug resistant malaria at the Thai-Cambodian border could "seriously undermine" efforts to bring the disease under control, the World Health Organization said Wednesday.

"Surveillance systems and research studies... are providing new evidence that parasites resistant to artemisinin have emerged along the border between Cambodia and Thailand where workers walk for miles every day to clear forests," said the WHO in a statement.

"The risk that they may be infected with a drug-resistant form of malaria could set back recent successes to control the disease," it said.

New artemisinin-based medication has been largely credited in recent years for increasing recovery rates from the mosquito-transmitted disease that kills one million people a year.

It was regarded as a replacement for older drugs that were fast becoming useless in several areas of the world as the malaria parasite developed resistance to them.

"If we do not put a stop to the drug-resistant malaria situation that has been documented in the Thai-Cambodian border, it could spread rapidly to neighbouring countries and threaten our efforts to control this deadly disease," said WHO Assistant Director-General Hiroki Nakatani.

The WHO said it had obtained a 22.5-million-dollar grant from the Gates Foundation to find ways of containing the resistant strains of malaria.

Strains of malaria resistant to drugs such as mefloquine and sulfadoxine-pyrimethamine also emerged several years ago at the Thai-Cambodian border.

SARS victims get day in court

In a trial starting today, the province is accused of putting economic interests before safety
Feb 25, 2009 04:30 AM

It's been nearly six years since the first cluster of SARS cases appeared in Toronto hospitals and those most directly affected – hospital patients, nurses and their families – have waited almost that long for their day in court.

The Ontario government heads to court today in a legal battle with SARS victims, who argue the province placed concerns about tourism and the economy ahead of eradicating the deadly disease.

The province argues members of the public have no right to sue the government for failing to stop the spread of a communicable disease.

SARS killed 44 people, all in the Greater Toronto Area.

Lawyers for the attorney general are asking the Ontario Court of Appeal to throw out five lawsuits filed on behalf of dozens who were infected, including a group of 53 health care workers.

Among them is Emma Abarquez, who was a nurse at Scarborough Grace Hospital when its first SARS patient arrived March 7, 2003.

Abarquez soon came down with the mysterious and frightening illness named Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome and was isolated in hospital – at first for a week.

At the same time, her husband, Terry, 62, a retired Stelco worker, their three sons, a daughter and a nephew were quarantined at the family's North York home and required to wear face masks. "Even the mailman was scared of us," Terry recalls.

A few days after returning home, Emma had a relapse and returned to hospital, where she remained for a month.

Two other nurses, Tecla Lin and Nelia Laroza, died in a second wave of SARS that broke out in May 2003, after the province declared the provincial health emergency over.

In statements of claim, lawyers for groups of plaintiffs contend the government rushed to make that announcement and relaxed infection control procedures prematurely to counter the World Health Organization travel advisory issued on April 23, 2003, which warned tourists against visiting Toronto. Even before that, the province failed to ensure proper respiratory protection and equipment testing measures were in hospitals, lawyers for the nurses contend.

What's at issue before the court today is whether the nurses, former patients, and their families have the right to bring their claims to trial.

Much of the legal argument is expected to focus on how their cases might be affected by a 2006 ruling from the appeals court involving the government's alleged failure to implement proper mosquito control measures and stop the spread of West Nile virus.

In that case, the court put a stop to claims brought by 40 people infected by West Nile, including George Eliopoulos, who was bitten by a mosquito in 2002 and died the next year of complications from a fall.

The court said the possibility of contracting the virus was an "undifferentiated" risk faced by all members of the public and not a risk that was created by the government.

Justice Robert Sharpe, who wrote the West Nile decision, will be presiding over the appeals panel considering the SARS cases.

Lawyers for the SARS plaintiffs, however, argue there are important differences between the two cases.

While West Nile was spread by mosquitos and all members of the public faced about the same risk, SARS was confined largely to hospitals and the province would have known patients would get the disease if proper infection control wasn't followed, they contend.

Casualties Indonesian Terbanyak in South-East Asian Penularan of bird flu could it was worried about spread between humankind.

The pandemic threatened the world.
On Wednesday, February 25 2009, 07:49
The Number Of casualties resulting from bird flu, strain the virus H5N1, in Indonesia highest in South-East Asia. Since 2003 was recorded by 115 people died resulting from the virus that spread through the poultry medium. The number of casualties in the Indonesian Archipelago more than Vietnam that was numbering 52 same period insiders. Delegation of the organisation of the health of the world (WHO) Vietnam, Jean Marc Olive said all the countries must be on alert. Because, the bird flu threat was increasingly big each year.
Normal him, the virus H5N1 spread through the poultry, but was worried by the spread could happen between humankind. "If that that happened, will happen the influenza pandemic that could kill millions of people," said Olive as being quoted laman Channelnews Asia, on Tuesday February 24 2009.
Although the virus H5N1 relative was difficult to infect humankind, but 50 percent of the sufferer it was confirmed died. "Was not easy for the virus to spread to humankind, but the influenza virus had the capacity to bermutasi quickly," added he. Now, the Flu Burung Departemen Command Post data of the Health recorded, up until January 16 2009, from 12 provinces that were infected by bird flu to humankind, 6 provinces were not found again by the case of bird flu. The province that has been free to be the Lampung Province (the infection on September 22 2005), the South Sulawesi Province (the infection on June 18 2006), the South Sumatra Province (the infection on March 10 2007), the East Java Province (the infection on March 19), the North Sumatran Province (the infection on May 3 2007), and the Balinese Province (the infection on August 14 2007). Up to the middle of January 2009, according to the Department's data of the Health, the spread of bird flu was still coming from the poultry to humankind. Not from humankind to humankind. The proof is, the specimen inspection of all case contact showed the negative.