Friday, March 1, 2013

Cambodia to strengthen measures to prevent bird flu


Cambodian Prime Minister Hun Sen on 1/3 were instructed to request the Ministry of Public Security, the Ministry of Agriculture and Health urgent action to prevent the spread of bird flu, after the number of cases of avian influenza virus H5N1 in the country rise concern.

Already there are concerns about the risk of difficult to control avian influenza in Cambodia, in the context of health and epidemic prevention system of this country is very weak and lacking, largely depends on the support of the international organizations, together with a lack of understanding of people with the disease.

And from another article:
However, strains of the H5N1 virus in Cambodia is not found in other countries in the region.

Tuy nhiên, chủng loại virus H5N1 ở Campuchia chưa tìm thấy tại các nước trong khu vực. 

Thursday, February 28, 2013

Vietnam: Dept. of Animal Hlth 3rd Round of Sampling Discovered #H5N1 & Clade in Khanh HoaProvince

According to the Department of Animal Health, the third round of sampling monitoring influenza virus circulation monthly (12-2012, months 1 and 2-2013) were detected positive samples with the bird flu virus with relatively high rate, strong virulent virus, causing rapid death with symptoms characteristic lesions. Far discovered avian influenza virus clade A, clade C and clade 1.1 in circulation in the province. [Original: Đến nay đã phát hiện vi rút cúm gia cầm clade A, clade C và clade 1.1 đang lưu hành trên địa bàn tỉnh.]   [Đến nay đã phát hiện vi rút translates to  "To date virus detection"]

The province has held 4,500 liters of chemical spray disinfection, disinfection of the environment; held spray disinfectant daily in areas where poultry were destroyed and the surrounding area; trading points held in the district, town, city, especially the market ...

Vietnam: 2 patients in Kien Giang were negative for influenza A/H5N1 virus #H5N1

National Influenza Center confirmed: The two cases of patients Kien Giang were negative with influenza A/H5N1 virus.
The last few days, the public concerned about information 2 cases in Kien Giang suspected influenza A/H5N1 with continuous high fever above 38C, headache, muscle fatigue.

To clarify the cause of the disease 2 patients, the Center for Preventive Medicine of Kien Giang has sent samples to the National Influenza Center of the Pasteur Institute in Ho Chi Minh City.

The afternoon of 27/2, Dr. Nguyen Van Binh, director of the Preventive Medicine Department (Ministry of Health) said: The results of the test at 11am 27/2 of the National Influenza Center confirmed: The 2 cases above were negative with influenza A/H5N1 virus. 2 patients are still being treated in hospital in Kien Giang Province.

Vietnam: Recurrence of bird flu



* Tay Ninh announced bird flu in a social

(TNO) Information from the Department of Animal Health said Kien Giang province on 28.2 have discovered an outbreak of influenza A/H5N1 occurred on chicken farms under the Department of Agriculture PC Land H.Hon.

Chickens on a total of 559 children between the ages of 1-3 months. The whole chicken is not A/H5N1 flu vaccination.After serum samples were positive for influenza A/H5N1, Veterinary Department Kien Giang, the  Steering Committee for Disease Control and Prevention local poultry for slaughter all the chickens and spraying chemicals, disinfection antiseptic regional epidemics. 
Earlier, in Hau Giang, bird flu has also re-broadcast on 3000 flocks of Ms. Dang Thi Tuoi, My Thanh hamlet, Tan Phuoc Hung, H.Phung United, Hau Giang. Causes of bird flu as well as poultry are not vaccinated.
From the beginning of the year, in the Mekong Delta also has had 1 death from A/H5N1 flu in H.Giong particular, Kien Giang.
* On 28.2, Tay Ninh provincial People's Committee has decided to publish bird flu in  Lợi Thuận, H.Bến Cầu.
According to this decision, the provinces prohibit carrying out of the service area of ​​poultry or poultry products not processed within 21 days from the occurrence of the last outbreak.
PPC also directed H.Ben Bridge, authorities in collaboration with the provincial Department of Animal Health focuses on prevention announced service area and the neighboring communes threatened.
At the same time, the province decided to set up temporary checkpoints animals , division of 24/24 at the gateway to the border points to prevent the sale of poultry running bird or put from across the border.

APIC Addresses What IPs Need to Know About Outbreaks, Epidemics and Pandemics

The Association for Professionals in Infection Control and Epidemiology (APIC) provide the following primer to help infection preventionists differentiate between outbreaks, epidemics and pandemics:
What is an outbreak?An outbreak is a sudden rise in the number of cases of a disease. An outbreak may occur in a community or geographical area, or may affect several countries. It may last for a few days or weeks, or even for several years.
Some outbreaks are expected each year, such as influenza. Sometimes a single case of an infectious disease may be considered an outbreak. This may be true if the disease is rare (e.g., foodborne botulism) or has serious public health implications (e.g., bioterrorism agent such as anthrax).
What is an epidemic?An epidemic occurs when an infectious disease spreads rapidly to many people. In 2003, the severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) epidemic took the lives of nearly 800 people worldwide.
What is a pandemic?A pandemic is a global disease outbreak. It differs from an outbreak or epidemic because it:
• affects a wider geographical area, often worldwide.
• infects a greater number of people than an epidemic.
• is often caused by a new virus or a strain of virus that has not circulated among people for a long time. Humans usually have little to no immunity against it. The virus spreads quickly from person-to-person worldwide.
• causes much higher numbers of deaths than epidemics.
• often creates social disruption, economic loss, and general hardship.
The influenza (flu) pandemic of 1918-1919 killed between 20 and 40 million people. It is one of the most devastating pandemics in recorded world history. 2009 H1N1 influenza was a more recent global pandemic.
While an influenza pandemic is rare, they do reoccur periodically. Some pandemics are worse than others.
Public health experts say it’s not a matter of IF a flu pandemic will happen, but WHEN. It is essential to be prepared.
Pandemic preparationHere are a few things you can do:

Vietnam: #H5N1 in Poultry in Khánh Hòa


Khanh Hoa Provincial People's Committee has just issued a decision on the publication of bird flu (H5N1) in Ninh Hoa town.
It is known that in the February / 2013, bird flu has appeared in eight households, 7 villages in 5 communes in the province of Ninh Hoa Ninh Quang Ninh Thi Ninh An, Ninh Xuan Ninh Tay. Authorities destroyed 3,260 chickens and 3,400 ducks. 

Vietnam: Tay Ninh commune announced bird flu, 5 miles from Cambodian Border #H5N1

Huynh Van Quang, Vice Chairman of Tay Ninh province has signed a decision announced bird flu in the whole Net Thuan, Ben Cau district.
Accordingly, the province prohibit all activities put in or taken out of the poultry or poultry products not processed within 21 days after the last outbreak occurred; same time direct DPC Ben Bridge , the functional coordination with the Department of Animal Health to mobilize forces, antiseptic, preventive vaccines ... focus in the area declared and the neighboring communes threatened. The province also decided to set up temporary checkpoints animals, division of 24/24 at the gateway to the border points to prevent the case of selling poultry bird or taken from across the border into.

Mr. Nguyen Van Those - Director Department of Animal Health Tay Ninh said, is only detected a hard bird flu occurred on 19/2/2013 at a flock of about 1,000 households Le Van Hoang hamlet Thuan Tay, Loi Thuan, Ben Cau district (on the canal, near the Cambodian border). Due to complex diseases, social outbreak Cambodian border and also diseases, deaths caused by the H5N1 virus, the province decided to publish across the Net Thuan to the primary sector and local concentration of effective prevention.
Before Tet 2013, the province of Tay Ninh also happened 2 AI on board about 3,000 chickens at two farms in Bau village Tep, Tien Thuan (Ben Bridge District) and incubated motives, Binh Minh (Tay Ninh town), after treatment, localized outbreak, now over 30, commune in 2 days on new outbreaks.

Wednesday, February 27, 2013

Rare superbug emerging in U.S. elicits advisory warning from CDC

February 27, 2013

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention is alerting clinicians of an emerging untreatable multidrug-resistant organism in the United States.
There are many forms of Carbapenem-resistant Enterobacteriaceae (CRE), but of the 37 forms reported in the U.S., 15 have been reported in less than a year

Read more:

Cambodia: Outbreak Worst Ever

Less than two months after it began, the Kingdom’s current outbreak of bird flu has become the country’s largest on record.
Thirty-five-year-old Thoeun Doeun from Kampong Cham died on Monday at about 11pm, becoming the ninth known case and eighth death since the outbreak began. That matches the death toll and surpasses by one the number of cases reported in the entire 2011 outbreak, which spanned a period of approximately seven months.

“At the moment there’s still no human-to-human transmission of the H5N1 virus, and the disease is still of limited transmissibility between poultry and humans. But we are keeping a very close eye at the village and community level.”

Full article:

Vietnam: Kien Giang Prov. near Cambodia Border tests Suspected Human Case #H5N1; Negative results

 [You can see on the map below,  the proximity to the Cambodian border, specifically the Kampong Province, where our most recent death was from.  This is the first H5N1 poultry outbreak in the province of Kien Giang.]


The Morning 27-2, Department of Agriculture and Rural Development said Kien Giang, agriculture and health has culled all 300 birds infected with influenza virus A-H5N1 in a household in Hon Dat district (Kien Giang). This is the first outbreak of A-H5N1 flu discovered in Kien Giang
After destruction, specialized agencies have conducted disinfection, sterilization and vaccination against influenza for the entire of uninfected avian influenza, in the outbreak in accordance.
Earlier, Hon Dat District Hospital has received a patient with symptoms of fever suspected influenza A-H5N1. Isolation hospital patients, and in collaboration with the Center for Preventive Medicine Kien Giang blood sample sent for now, at the Pasteur Institute (Ho Chi Minh). However, a negative test result for this patient. 

Indonesia: #H5N1 Clade Spreads in Padang Ducks

PADANG - attack a new variant of the bird flu virus H5N1 clade continues to spread in the region of Padang Pariaman. Once in Korong Kampuang Latitude, Korong Koto Rajo, Nagari Sunur and Korong Kampuang Rimbo, Nagari Padang Bintungan, District Nan Sabaris, a similar case was found in Lubuk Alung back.On Tuesday (26/2), at least 140 ducks owned by ranchers in Korong River Abang, Lubuk Nagari Alung rapid response team officers culled bird flu governments.Earlier, in the region of hundreds of ducks were found dead and tested positive for the bird flu virus.Officer, Deviyanti and Elwardi Enriko to Singgalang said, before the destruction, in Korong brother River was found to have at least 250 ducks died suddenly. From the rapid test or bird flu rapid test results performed officials stated that these ducks tested positive for bird flu."According to the breeder, ducks found dead suddenly since last three days. The number of ducks that died pretty much up to two hundred individuals. In one day there are at least dozens of ducks were found dead in paddy fields. The case was recently reported yesterday. Destroyed the remaining ducks, "said Devi and Elwardi.Ducks were destroyed yesterday consisted of DOD or ducklings and adult ducks. The ducks are kept by the farmers by way of removable just in paddy fields. Carcasses of dead ducks left just lying in the paddy fields. Presumably this wreck a medium for spreading the virus to other ducks.It said the same farmer-owned ducks are still plenty left. The ducks rest of it can not be destroyed, because it was off the wild ducks. The owner promised to confine the ducks and then destroyed.Ducks belong to farmers before there were dead and destroyed, its population reached 400 individuals.The report added the farmer owners of Devi, it is the rest of his duck duck who had previously been evacuated from Nagari Sunur. Because in Sunur no cases of bird flu and the destruction, the owner secretly evacuates his duck into the river Korong Abang, Lubuk Alung. Not a long evacuated, the ducks that were infected with the bird flu virus.Described, in Korong River Abang many duck breeders who declined Itiknya destroyed officer. Until now Nagari Lubuk officers and officials as well as the Government District Alung Lubuk Alung still trying to reach farmers to want to give up livestock Itiknya to be destroyed and given compensation.Devi and Edwaldi Takan Menga, it is not difficult to triangulate where the ducks were evacuated farmers. Therefore, yangdiungsikan ducks come from areas that have been infected with the bird flu virus, could certainly participate infected. In the area of ​​new ducks will certainly not immune to the virus. In the end the ducks were going to die because of the bird flu virus. (301)

Camobdia: Commentary

The last confirmed case in Cambodia offered more detail, and it is worrisome to say the least.

He initially was treated by a local practitioner, as many others this year were.  In this case, he developed a frequent cough and dypsnea, only 2 days after the onset, which was a fever only.  To develop labored or difficult breathing two days after the onset is troubling.  What is more concerning, is that he was hospitalized 3 days after the labored breathing began and was treated with Tamiflu.  The Tamiflu did not help, and he developed pneumonia.

Here is a summary:

Date:  February 26, 2013
Name:  35 (Male)
From:  Kbl Ou Village, Me Sar Chrey commune, Stueng Trang, Kampong Cham Province
Onset:  2/8  fever; worsened on 2/10 w/frequent cough, dypsnea
Adm:  Local practitioner
Adm:  2/13 Kampong Cham Hosp.  Treated with Tamiflu
Adm:  2/19, Hospital Benh Calmete, Phnom Penh  (MOH Statement says 2/21)  Developed pneumonia
Notes:  Contact with dead Ducks and eating. 
Confirmation:  Positive on 2/23/19
DOD:  2/25

Ninth New Human Case of Avian Influenza H5N1 in Cambodia in 2013

Joint Press Release from the Ministry Of Health and the World Health Organization (WHO)

Phnom Penh, 27 February 2013The Ministry of Health (MoH) of the Kingdom of Cambodia wishes to advise members of the public that one more new human case of avian influenza has been confirmed positive for the H5N1 virus.

The ninth case, a 35-year-old man from Kbal Ou village, Me Sar Chrey commune, Stueng Trang district in Kampong Cham province, was confirmed positive for influenza H5N1 on 23 February 2013 by Institut Pasteur du Cambodge.

He developed fever on 8 February 2013 and his condition worsened on 10 February 2013 with fever, frequent cough, and dyspnea. Local private practitioners initially treated him but his condition further deteriorated.

On 13 February he was admitted to the Kampong Cham Hospital with fever, severe cough and dyspnea and was immediately treated with Tamiflu. He developed pneumonia on 21 February and was transferred to Calmette Hospital in Phnom Penh. Unfortunately, despite intensive medical care he died on 25 February.

There is evidence of recent deaths among poultry in the village and the man had history of coming into contact with sick poultry prior to becoming sick. The man is the ninth person this year and the 30th person to become infected with the H5N1 virus, and the 27th person to die from complications of the disease in Cambodia.

Of the 30 confirmed cases, 20 were children under 14, and 19 of the 30 were female.

"Avian influenza H5N1 remains a serious threat to the health of all Cambodians. This is the ninth case of H5N1 infection in humans this year,” said HE Dr. Mam Bunheng, Minister of Health.

“The greatest risk of exposure to the virus is through the handling and slaughter of infected poultry. Home slaughtering and preparation of sick or dead poultry for food is hazardous: this practice must stop. Children also seem to be most vulnerable and are at high risk because they like to play where poultry are found.”

“I urge parents and guardians to keep children away from sick or dead poultry and prevent them from playing with chickens and ducks. Parents and guardians must also make sure children wash their hands with soap and water after any contact with poultry.”

“If they have fast or difficult breathing, they should seek medical attention at the nearest health facility and attending physicians must be made aware of any exposure to sick or dead poultry.”

The Ministry of Health's Rapid Response Teams (RRT) have gone to the hospitals and the field to identify the man’s close contacts, any epidemiological linkage among the nine cases and initiate preventive treatment as required. In addition, a public health education campaign is being conducted in the village to inform families on how to protect themselves from contracting avian influenza.

The Government's message is - wash hands often; keep children away from poultry; keep poultry away from living areas; do not eat sick poultry; and all poultry eaten should be well cooked.

H5N1 influenza is a flu that normally spreads between sick poultry, but it can sometimes spread from poultry to humans. Human H5N1 Avian Influenza is a very serious disease that requires hospitalization. Although the virus currently does not easily spread among humans, if the virus changes it could easily be spread like seasonal influenza. Hence, early recognition of cases is important.

The Ministry of Health will continue to keep the public informed of developments via the MoH website where relevant health education materials can also be downloaded.

For more information on human influenza please call the MoH Influenza Hotline numbers: 115 (free call); 012 488 981 or 089 669 567

Please also see attachments below, in English and Khmer.

Download this file (30th AI Press Release - Eng.pdf)Press release 25 February 2013 - English
Download this file (30th AI Press Release- Kh.pdf)Press release 25 February 2013 - Khmer

<a href=";view=article&amp;id=610:2013-h5n1-sixthreport&amp;catid=65:avian-influenza-h5n1&amp;Itemid=119"></a> 

Tuesday, February 26, 2013

Hong Kong: Update on cluster of Human Metapneumovirus cases in Pok Oi Hospital

Hong Kong (HKSAR) - The following is issued on behalf of the Hospital Authority:

Regarding the recent confirmation on a cluster of patients with Human Metapneumovirus in a male infirmary ward, the spokesperson for Pok Oi Hospital gave the following update today (February 26):

One more 50-year-old male patient and two staff members in the ward had presented with fever and respiratory symptoms. Appropriate viral tests were arranged for the patient and the test results are pending. The patient concerned is being treated under isolation and is in stable condition.

The staff members concerned are on sick leave.

Admission to the ward has been suspended and restricted visiting is being imposed. Infection control measures have already been stepped up according to established guidelines. All other patients in the ward are under close surveillance.

The cases have been reported to the Hospital Authority Head Office and the Centre for Health Protection for necessary follow-up.

Cambodia bird flu deaths trigger fears #H5N1

February 26, 2013

PHNOM PENH - A 35-year-old man has become Cambodia's eighth fatality from the H5N1 bird flu virus,, prompting concern about the spread of the virus in the country, a health official said Tuesday.
The latest victim, from the northeastern province of Kampong Cham, died on Monday night in a Phnom Penh hospital, said Ly Sovann, deputy head of the health ministry's disease surveillance bureau.
He said the man had eaten two ducks which had previously died, before he became sick himself earlier this month.
"We are really worried about the situation because in just two months we have nine cases of bird flu," Ly Sovann said..
Eight of the nine people died, along with thousands of birds in the villages where the victims lived.
"There was a lot of dead poultry, but the people did not report to (officials). In the villages that I went to, almost all poultry had died," Ly Sovann said, adding it took up to a month for officials to be told of poultry deaths in some areas.
The ministry has enhanced surveillance to try to detect and treat avian influenza cases in the early stages, he said.
"We are also worried about (possible) human-to-human transmission of bird flu, but it is not the case now," said Ly Sovann.
He urged villagers to report dead poultry immediately, and not to touch or eat the birds.
Sonny Krishnan, communications officer with the World Health Organisation (WHO) in Cambodia, said WHO was keeping "a close watch" on the situation. "The disease is still of limited transmittability from poultry to humans," he said.
Cambodia has recorded 30 human cases of H5N1 since 2003, with all but three of them proving fatal.
The virus has killed more than 365 people worldwide since a major outbreak in 2003, according to WHO statistics.
It typically spreads from birds to humans through direct contact. But experts fear it could mutate into a form easily transmissible between humans, with the potential to trigger a pandemic.

Egypt: New Valley #H5N1 Samples Taken From Farm Employees

infected with bird flu in emerging, bringing the total cases so far to 5 after the discovery of two cases; in one district tribe marine and other into Bishara. Dr. Mohamed Bashir Director General of Veterinary Medicine that the inspection teams veterinarian had discovered birds infected Bhzaúr for poultry farming among some citizens and immediately was sent samples from infected birds to reference laboratory for the control of poultry production of the Veterinary Services and the results were positive for affirm those birds sick. added that the directorate have executed all infected birds and disinfection of the surrounding areas as well as notification Directorate of Health Affairs for a medical check on all contacts with these birds in anticipation of any injuries to citizens as samples were taken from the owners of those barns and sent to labs in Cairo to make sure they are free from disease. confirmed that the Directorate declared a state of extreme emergency to prevent the spread of the disease among domestic birds was intensified inspections on all backyard and poultry farms to make sure they are free of the disease as well as tightening the protective measures and the use of fortifications private that the Directorate received 20 thousand vaccine against bird flu referring to the implementation of intensive campaigns in collaboration with the Department of Health to educate citizens on how to deal with live birds and ways discovery disease and ways to prevent it by following the instructions health and methods of cleaning and washing of poultry meat is cooked. than his part, Major General Tariq Mahdi Governor New Valley, a decision to prevent the entry or exit of live birds to and from the province as well as preventing traded between villages and cities of the province in order to reduce the chances of spread disease. 

Egypt: Asyut #H5N1 Precautions in Manfalut, el-Qusiya and Dairut

February 26, 2013

The Directorate of Veterinary Medicine in Assiut, preemptive campaign against bird flu due to the discovery of the center suspected of being infected with the disease at the center of emerging New Valley governorate.

And issued Dr. Salah al-Din Mohammed, Director General of the Directorate, instructions and preventive anticipation of non-transmission of any infection, have been directed teams Investigation centers Manfalout [Manfalut] and Qusiya  and Dayrut [Dairut], where there are a number of nurseries and traders birds, and reported all reports Investigation received from these centers the absence of any suspicion or symptoms of bird flu and all existing farms is healthy and does not have any symptoms, has been withdrawn samples for testing for bird flu before the sale of nurseries central Qusiya and Dirout were received as a result of the samples negative, as has been alert to doctors Investigation centers mentioned in continuing operations Investigation , and follow-up epidemiological situation with immediate reporting when any suspected and contagious disease with taking the necessary action in a timely manner.

Cambodia: One More Human Death #H5N1 in Kampong Cham

[On Feb. 19th, I reported this suspected case, located here.  We know from this article that he was taken to hospital on the 19th.  If he died last night (25th) he would have been in hospital for 7 days and not 4 days as reported below]
18/2 AI news broke out in the district Stueng Trang and Prey Chhor in Province Kongpong Cham, the country's capital, Phnom Penh is about 120 km to the east.

Alert on quoted health officials said there were 385 birds died in the past few days. A man in this province were carried out after testing suspected H5N1 virus infection by eating dead duck.

February 26, 2013

These are deaths 8th bird flu in Cambodia since early 2013 and is the 9th song in the world.
Thoeun Doeun name victims, 35 years old, living in Trung Trang, , Eastern Kampong Cham Province. "He died last night after 4 days of treatment at Calmete Hospital in Phnom Penh," sister named Suon Sokhy of patient information with Xinhua.

She said her sick before he came in contact with a dead duck, then cook it. "The doctors said he was infected with bird flu virus," she said.

Sonny Krishnan - contact staff of the World Health Organization (WHO) in Cambodia - confirm this information. He urged vigilance with avian influenza, said the slaughter of cooking at home and bring sick or dead poultry is dangerous, should be terminated.

He asked parents to keep their children close to or in contact with poultry and poultry should not be in the house because children are the most vulnerable to disease due to weakened immune systems.
Cambodian Health Minister Mam Bunheng urging people to be more careful about the outbreak of avian influenza. "I ask people not to eat sick or dead poultry - he told reporters on the sidelines of a meeting held on 26-2 - Poultry should be cooked is safe to eat".

Cambodia detect avian influenza in humans for the first time on May 1-2004. So far, it has infected 30 people, including 27 deaths.

Monday, February 25, 2013

China: Increase & Strengthen Travelers Entering from Cambodia for #H5N1 Avian Influenza, Valid for Next 3 Months

 Xinhua, February 25, 2013
China's quarantine authority announced on Monday that it has ordered strengthened prevention against avian influenza H5N1 after the disease infected five people in Cambodia last month.
The General Administration of Quality Supervision, Inspection and Quarantine (AQSIQ) will increase checks on the body temperatures of people traveling to China from Cambodia, according to a notice on the AQSIQ's website.
Travelers entering with fever, cough, headache or general malaise should report to the quarantine control department, said the AQSIQ.
People suspected of being infected will receive careful tests and be sent to medical institutions for further treatment, the administration added.
Local quarantine authorities will provide health services and education to international travelers to help them avoid being infected by the epidemic.
China will also strengthen sanitary measures against bird flu at customs. Vehicles, containers and goods from Cambodia will be put under strict quarantine upon entering China, according to the notice.
The preventive measures will be valid for three months, the AQSIQ said.

Laos: Ministry of Health Advises Dr's & Medical Staff to Closely Monitor Anyone w/Severe Respiratory problems #H5N1

February 25, 2013
By Xayxana Leukai 

The Ministry of Health has advised doctors and medical staff throughout the country to closely monitor the condition of anyone presenting with severe respiratory problems, after several people died of bird flu type A (H5N1 virus) in Cambodia last month.
The warning was issued earlier this month, aimed at encouraging health workers to prepare for and respond to a possible outbreak of the virus.
Deputy Minister of Health, Associate Prof. Dr Bounkong Syhavong, said the prevailing weather conditions favour an outbreak of the H5N1 flu virus on the continents of Africa, Asia and Europe.
He said the health minister has already advised the Vientiane Health Department and provincial health departments to closely monitor and repor t cases of patients who appear to have a serious respiratory problem when they visit a healthcare centre or hospital.
In addition, emergency response teams in the provinces are advised to ramp up efforts to combat the virus if they suspect that anyone has developed H5N1 type flu. They are also advised to take precautions against the virus at international border crossings nationwide.
Medical staff are advised to coordinate with agriculture and forestry departments to identify which villages and districts have identified cases of bird flu.
Health staff are also being asked to team up with information, culture and tourism officials to encourage people to follow the three basic principles of health hygiene – eating freshly cooked food, drinking clean boiled water, and keeping the home environment clean.
Additionally, health officials are suggesting that staff make plans to respond to a possible outbreak of the disease, ensuring that sufficient funding is available to tackle it. All suspected cases of the virus should be reported to the Communicable Diseases Department of the Ministry of Health through the disease surveillance system.
Anyone with a severe respiratory illness or bird flu should not be allowed to enter or exit Laos, in line with international health regulations.

No new cases of coronavirus in Qatar: SCH

February 25, 2013
DOHA THE Supreme Council of Health (SCH) has assured the public that no new cases of coronavirus, which causes various diseases, including SARS (Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome), have been detected in the country. There were just two Qatari cases reported, where one of them was cured and returned to the country, while the other patient is still under treatment abroad.

Following the World Health Organization (WHO) announcement of a fatality due to the virus in a neighbouring country, the SCH said that the focus now is on quick diagnosis, and that there are no changes in the travel advisory to and from countries where the virus was detected.

According to the SCH, consultations with WHO have highlighted the importance of strengthening surveillance on acute respiratory diseases and careful examination of all suspected samples.

In Qatar, all those who have come in contact with an infected person, have to undergo tests at the Hamad Medical Corporation, to clear them of any infection that they might have contracted.

Meanwhile, the patient is quarantined.


Sunday, February 24, 2013

Indonesia: #H5N1 in Poultry Suspected in East Java

February 23, 2013
Situbondo: Thousands of ducks owned by the farmers in Situbondo, East Java, was found dead suddenly. Animal suspected bird flu. Hundreds of ducks laying Syaiful villagers belonging demung, Situbondo, died suddenly since Friday (22/2) morning.According to him, since the past week thousands of cattle duck blind with blue eyes. In addition heads flushed and the duck into semponyongan. least a day, said Syaiful, ducks die suddenly each day to 100 tail to 300 tail. "Average ducks suddenly died suddenly three months old," he said. Meanwhile, duck farmers in Sub Suboh, District Mlandingan and Banyuputih also experienced the same thing.According to the Head of Department of Animal Husbandry Situbondo, Gaguk Mujianto, confirmed the existence of thousands of ducks owned by ranchers who died suddenly. Even admitted it was down to the field to see the condition of the dead ducks. Gaguk admitted negative laboratory results of bird flu. However, clinically it believes the symptoms of bird flu. Hence it was still awaiting the results of laboratory diagnosis to Surabaya. To prevent further spread of the deadly virus transmission, direct farmers bury a dead duck in the yard near the cage. (Andi Himawan / DNI) 

Vietnam: #H5N1 in Poultry in Quảng Trị and Điện Biên - suspected in Hà Tĩnh

Translation - 3 articles - excerpts:

In recent days, Quang Tri and Dien Bien province has become the hot spots of blue ear disease and avian influenza.

Hundreds of chicken farms in Ha Tinh suddenly died simultaneously . This provincialveterinary authorities took samples, conduct tests to determine the cause. 
Sources from the People's Committee of Ha Tinh , at 19/2, 100/365 chicken farms Nguyễn Song Toàn, thôn Tiến Tiến, Thạch Môn suddenly died in a series.

Although bird flu is rampant in Cambodia caused seven deaths and spread to Vietnam ; situation for trade in live poultry not quarantined still rampant in some of the routes in the City. 
Recognition of PV AP in the afternoon 21/2, some areas are considered hot spots of the state of trade in live poultry not through quarantine in HCMC as: Tham Lương (quận 12),), Chợ Cầu area (adjacent between 12 and 12 và quận Gò Vấp District ), Nguyễn Oanh (quận Gò Vấp ), Phạm Văn Bạch (quận Tân Bình), this trade in live poultry on the sidewalk, the sidewalk still going on blatantly. This is the time of influenza A/H5N1 have tended to flare up in a number of communes in Ben Cau district, Tay Ninh province and spread risk to HCMC.